Human cytosolic 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily display significant 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity: implications for steroid hormone metabolism and action.

@article{Steckelbroeck2004HumanC3,
  title={Human cytosolic 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily display significant 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity: implications for steroid hormone metabolism and action.},
  author={Stephan Steckelbroeck and Yi Jin and Sridhar Gopishetty and Busola Oyesanmi and Trevor M Penning},
  journal={The Journal of biological chemistry},
  year={2004},
  volume={279 11},
  pages={10784-95}
}
The source of NADPH-dependent cytosolic 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) activity is unknown to date. This important reaction leads e.g. to the reduction of the potent androgen 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into inactive 3beta-androstanediol (3beta-Diol). Four human cytosolic aldo-keto reductases (AKR1C1-AKR1C4) are known to act as non-positional-specific 3alpha-/17beta-/20alpha-HSDs. We now demonstrate that AKR1Cs catalyze the reduction of DHT into both 3alpha- and 3beta-Diol… CONTINUE READING