• Corpus ID: 199454488

Human contribution to the record-breaking June 2019 heat wave in France

  title={Human contribution to the record-breaking June 2019 heat wave in France},
  author={Geert Jan van Oldenborgh and Sjoukje Philip and Sarah F. Kew and Friederike E. L. Otto and Karsten Haustein and Robert Vautard and Aur{\'e}lien Ribes and Sonia Isabelle Seneviratne and Martha Marie Vogel},
● Every heat wave occurring in Europe today is made more likely and more intense by human-induced climate change. How much more depends very strongly on the event definition: location, season, intensity and duration. ● We use an event definition that focuses on health impacts, the three-day average of daily mean temperature. We considered two spatial scales: the whole of France and one city, Toulouse. We only consider June heat waves because they have a different impact and different trend from… 
Human contribution to the record-breaking June and July 2019 heatwaves in Western Europe
Two extreme heatwaves hit Western Europe in the summer of 2019, with historical records broken by more than a degree in many locations, and significant societal impacts, including excess mortality of
Unprecedented Europe Heat in June–July 2019: Risk in the Historical and Future Context
Western‐central Europe experienced the most severe June–July heat on record in 2019, with several heatwaves occurring over the most densely populated regions. Highest 3‐day averaged daily mean
Future Heat Waves in Different European Capitals Based on Climate Change Indicators
Changes in the frequency and intensity of heat waves for three capital cities in Europe representing a North–South transect will foster such extreme events, leading to the population being more exposed to them and societies becoming more vulnerable.
Distinct influences of large-scale circulation and regional feedbacks in two exceptional 2019 European heatwaves
Two separate heatwaves affected western Europe in June and July 2019, in particular France, Belgium, the Netherlands, western Germany and northeastern Spain. Here we compare the European 2019 summer
Has the risk of a 1976 north‐west European summer drought and heatwave event increased since the 1970s because of climate change?
In the summer of 1976, north‐west Europe experienced an exceptional heatwave and drought, which impacted agriculture and public water supply. This study aims to assess how the likelihood of the event
Substantial changes in the probability of future annual temperature extremes
Extreme temperature events causing significant environmental and humanitarian impacts are expected to increase in frequency and magnitude due to global warming. The latest generation of climate model
Reporting on the 2019 European Heatwaves and Climate Change: Journalists’ Attitudes, Motivations and Role Perceptions
ABSTRACT In summer 2019, several countries in Europe experienced unprecedented heatwaves. Two extreme event attribution (EEA) studies, which assess the role of climate change in extreme weather
Evolving heat waves characteristics challenge heat warning systems and prevention plans
A retrospective analysis of the challenges faced by the French heat prevention plan since 2004 and trends based on the environmental and health data collected each summer by the heat warning system and prevention plan determine how recent trends in heat waves impact heat warning systems.
European Press Coverage of Cities' Adaptation to Heatwaves and Climate Change
Resumen In recent years, European cities have suffered from intense heatwaves which have been exacerbated by climate change. The city is not only one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas
Is it climate change? Coverage by online news sites of the 2019 European summer heatwaves in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK
In 2019, several countries across Western Europe experienced record-breaking temperatures and heatwaves which, in some cases, reached temperatures of over 40 °C for three to four consecutive days


Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003
It is very likely (confidence level >90%) that human influence has at least doubled the risk of a heatwave exceeding this threshold magnitude in 2003, but in no other year since the start of the instrumental record in 1851.
Concurrent 2018 Hot Extremes Across Northern Hemisphere Due to Human‐Induced Climate Change
It is virtually certain (using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change calibrated uncertainty language) that the 2018 north hemispheric concurrent heat events would not have occurred without human‐induced climate change and the average high‐exposure area projected to experience concurrent warm and hot spells in the Northern Hemisphere increases by about 16% per additional +1 °C of global warming.
Anthropogenic climate change and heat effects on health
Increasing extreme temperatures linked to human influence amplify thermal stress and can lead to decreases in work productivity and increases in heat‐related mortality. However, studies assessing in
The impact of heat waves on mortality in 9 European cities: results from the EuroHEAT project
Climate change scenarios indicate that extreme events are expected to increase in the future even in regions where heat waves are not frequent, so prevention programs should specifically target the elderly, women and those suffering from chronic respiratory disorders, thus reducing the impact on mortality.
Hot days induced by precipitation deficits at the global scale
It is found that wide areas of the world display a strong relationship between the number of hot days in the regions’ hottest month and preceding precipitation deficits, and effects of soil moisture-temperature coupling are geographically more widespread than commonly assumed.
Refining multi-model projections of temperature extremes by evaluation against land–atmosphere coupling diagnostics
Abstract. The Earth's land surface and the atmosphere are strongly interlinked through the exchange of energy and matter. This coupled behaviour causes various land–atmosphere feedbacks, and an
Dramatically increasing chance of extremely hot summers since the 2003 European heatwave
In 2003, Europe experienced a summer heatwave that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths. This study uses observation and model data to show that human influence is increasing the probability of
Global dimming and brightening: A review
[1] There is increasing evidence that the amount of solar radiation incident at the Earth's surface is not stable over the years but undergoes significant decadal variations. Here I review the
Projected changes in surface solar radiation in CMIP5 global climate models and in EURO-CORDEX regional climate models for Europe
The objective of the present work is to compare the projections of surface solar radiation (SSR) simulated by four regional climate models (CCLM, RCA4, WRF, ALADIN) with the respective fields of
The Exceptional Summer Heat Wave in Southern Europe 2017
AFFILIATIONS: Kew and PhiliP—Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, and Department of Water and Climate Risk, Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Amsterdam, Netherlands;