Human atrophic fracture non-unions are not avascular.

@article{Reed2002HumanAF,
  title={Human atrophic fracture non-unions are not avascular.},
  author={Anita A. C. Reed and Clive J Joyner and Harry C. Brownlow and A. Hamish R. W. Simpson},
  journal={Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society},
  year={2002},
  volume={20 3},
  pages={593-9}
}
A small proportion of fractures progress to non-union. Non-unions are routinely classified into two groups either hypertrophic or atrophic according to their radiological appearance. It is a common preconception that non-unions with a hypertrophic appearance on X-ray are biologically active and vascular with potential to heal given the correct stable environment. Atrophic non-unions are considered to be avascular and inert and will not heal even under the correct stable environment. Non-unions… CONTINUE READING

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