Functionally active catalytic domain is essential for guanylyl cyclase-linked receptor mediated inhibition of human aldosterone synthesis.
We isolated cDNAs encoding a 115 kd human atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha ANP) receptor (ANP-A receptor) that possesses guanylate cyclase activity, by low-stringency hybridization with sea urchin Arbacia punctulata membrane guanylate cyclase probes. The human ANP-A receptor has a 32 residue signal sequence followed by a 441 residue extracellular domain homologous to the 60 kd ANP-C receptor. A 21 residue transmembrane domain precedes a 568 residue cytoplasmic domain with homology to the protein kinase family and to a subunit of the soluble guanylate cyclase. COS-7 cells transfected with an ANP-A receptor expression vector displayed specific [125I]alpha ANP binding, and exhibited alpha ANP stimulated cGMP production. These data demonstrate a new paradigm of cellular signal transduction where extracellular ligand binding allosterically regulates cyclic nucleotide second-messenger production by a receptor cytoplasmic catalytic domain.