Human articular surface chondrocytes initiate alkaline phosphatase and type X collagen synthesis in suspension culture.


The type X collagen is a short chain collagen associated with calcific cartilage and/or the expression of the hypertrophic chondrocyte phenotype. In articular cartilage, type X collagen is restricted to the basal zone of calcified cartilage adjacent to the subchondral bone. However, during pathological change such as in osteoarthritis, the synthesis of type… (More)


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