Human arm stiffness and equilibrium-point trajectory during multi-joint movement

  title={Human arm stiffness and equilibrium-point trajectory during multi-joint movement},
  author={Hiroaki Gomi and Mitsuo Kawato},
  journal={Biological Cybernetics},
 By using a newly designed high-performance manipulandum and a new estimation algorithm, we measured human multi-joint arm stiffness parameters during multi-joint point-to-point movements on a horizontal plane. This manipulandum allows us to apply a sufficient perturbation to subject’s arm within a brief period during movement. Arm stiffness parameters were reliably estimated using a new algorithm, in which all unknown structural parameters could be estimated independent of arm posture (i.e… CONTINUE READING
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The origin and use of positional frames of reference in motor control

  • AG Feldman, MF Levin
  • Behav Brain Sci
  • 1995
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