Human-aided artificial intelligence: Or, how to run large computations in human brains? Toward a media sociology of machine learning

@article{Mhlhoff2020HumanaidedAI,
  title={Human-aided artificial intelligence: Or, how to run large computations in human brains? Toward a media sociology of machine learning},
  author={Rainer M{\"u}hlhoff},
  journal={New Media \& Society},
  year={2020},
  volume={22},
  pages={1868 - 1884}
}
Today, artificial intelligence (AI), especially machine learning, is structurally dependent on human participation. Technologies such as deep learning (DL) leverage networked media infrastructures and human-machine interaction designs to harness users to provide training and verification data. The emergence of DL is therefore based on a fundamental socio-technological transformation of the relationship between humans and machines. Rather than simulating human intelligence, DL-based AIs capture… 

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