Human T cell leukemia virus type-I Tax activates human macrophage inflammatory protein-3 alpha/CCL20 gene transcription via the NF-kappa B pathway.

Abstract

Infection by human T cell leukemia virus type (HTLV)-I is associated with several diseases, including adult T cell leukemia and HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Leukocytes are attracted to the sites of inflammation by chemotactic factors. Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3 alpha/CCL20 is a recently isolated member of the CC subfamily of chemokines and has been proposed as a crucial factor to elicit inflammatory reactions. We now report that endogenous MIP-3 alpha mRNA levels are elevated in HTLV-I-infected T cell lines and in a human T cell line following the induced expression of the HTLV-I-encoded transactivator, Tax. Analysis of the human MIP-3 alpha promoter revealed that this gene is activated by Tax, via the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B, whose responsive element, -82-kappa B, is located at a position between -82 and -91 relative to the putative transcription start site. With an electromobility shift assay we further demonstrated that the -82-kappa B element was bound by the Tax-activated p50/p65 heterodimers of NF-kappa B. Expression of the specific receptor of MIP-3 alpha, CCR6, was also increased in HTLV-I-infected T cell lines, suggesting an autocrine and/or paracrine mechanism to establish the pathogenesis of HTLV-I-associated diseases.

Statistics

0100200300'04'05'06'07'08'09'10'11'12'13'14'15'16'17
Citations per Year

704 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 704 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Imaizumi2002HumanTC, title={Human T cell leukemia virus type-I Tax activates human macrophage inflammatory protein-3 alpha/CCL20 gene transcription via the NF-kappa B pathway.}, author={Yoshitaka Imaizumi and Shinichi Sugita and Kazuo Yamamoto and Daisuke Imanishi and Tomoko Kohno and Masao Tomonaga and Toshifumi Matsuyama}, journal={International immunology}, year={2002}, volume={14 2}, pages={147-55} }