Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness in Men and Women: A New Zealand–U.S. Comparative Study

  title={Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness in Men and Women: A New Zealand–U.S. Comparative Study},
  author={Barnaby James Wyld Dixson and Alan F. Dixson and Phil J Bishop and Amy R Parish},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
Men and women living in New Zealand and California completed five studies regarding human physique and sexual attractiveness. In Studies 1–3, women rated images of male stimuli and, in Studies 4–5, men rated female stimuli. In Study 1, women in both countries rated mesomorphic (muscular) and average male somatotypes as most attractive, followed by ectomorphic (slim) and endomorphic (heavily built) figures. In Study 2, amount and distribution of masculine trunk hair (chest and abdominal) was… 

Sex Differences for Preferences of Shoulder to Hip Ratio in Men and Women: an Eye Tracking Study

Shoulder to hip ratio (SHR) is a sexually dimorphic trait in humans, yet no previous study has investigated the gazing behavior and perceived physical attractiveness of men and women in relation to

Characteristics of physical attractiveness. Shape processing of dressed and naked realistic female bodies varying in WHR and observer perspective in heterosexual men and women: behavioral and electrophysiological experiments

The WHR, reflecting the fat distribution, is a relevant measure of female physical attractiveness and an indicator of female health and reproductive capacity. Previous studies mainly investigated the

Female waist-to-hip ratio, body mass index and sexual attractiveness in China

It is shown that the hourglass female figure is rated as attractive in China, and that WHR, rather than BMI, plays a crucial role in such attractiveness judgments.

Male preferences for female waist-to-hip ratio and body mass index in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.

It is shown that the hourglass female figure is rated as attractive by men living in a remote, indigenous community, and that when controlling for BMI, WHR plays a crucial role in their attractiveness judgments.

Beards augment perceptions of men's age, social status, and aggressiveness, but not attractiveness

It is shown that women from two very different ethnic groups, Europeans from New Zealand and Polynesians from Samoa, do not rate bearded male faces as more attractive than clean-shaven faces, consistent with the hypothesis that the human beard evolved primarily via intrasexual selection between males and as part of complex facial communication signaling status and aggressiveness.

Electrophysiological evidence of perceived sexual attractiveness for human female bodies varying in waist-to-hip ratio

The results provide the first electrophysiological evidence of specific time periods linked to the processing of a body feature denoting attractiveness and therefore playing a role in mate choice.

Preferences for Sexually Dimorphic Body Characteristics Revealed in a Large Sample of Speed Daters

While hundreds of studies have investigated the indices that make up attractive body shapes, these studies were based on preferences measured in the laboratory using pictorial stimuli. Whether these

Facial attractiveness and preference of sexual dimorphism: A comparison across five populations

Abstract Abstract Despite intensive research, evolutionary psychology has not yet reached a consensus regarding the association between sexual dimorphism and attractiveness. This study examines

A multivariate analysis of women's mating strategies and sexual selection on men's facial morphology

A significant positive association between moral disgust and preferences for masculine faces and bearded faces is found, providing support for parasite-stress theories of sexual selection and mate choice.



Studies of human physique and sexual attractiveness: Sexual preferences of men and women in China

Results support the view that sexual selection has influenced the evolution of human physique and sexual attractiveness in men and women.

Masculine Somatotype and Hirsuteness as Determinants of Sexual Attractiveness to Women

Study 5 showed that presence of trunk hair had a marked, positive effect upon women's ratings of attractiveness for both mesomorphic and endomorphic male figures, consistent with effects of sexual selection upon visual signals that advertise health, physical prowess, age, and underlying endocrine condition in the human male.

Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: a cross-cultural study.

The results showed that BMI is the primary determinant of female physical attractiveness, whereas WHR failed to emerge as a significant predictor, and there were significant differences in preferences for physical attractiveness along a gradient of socio-economic development.

Female and male perceptions of female physical attractiveness in front-view and profile.

BMI was the primary predictor of attractiveness in both front and profile, and the putative visual cues to BMI showed a higher degree of view-invariance than shape cues such as the waist-hip ratio (WHR).

Adaptive significance of female physical attractiveness: role of waist-to-hip ratio.

  • D. Singh
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1993
It is suggested that WHR represents an important bodily feature associated with physical attractiveness as well as with health and reproductive potential that influences female attractiveness and its role in mate selection.

Visual cues to female physical attractiveness

Evidence is presented that weight scaled for height (the body mass index (BMI) is the primary determinant of sexual attractiveness rather than WHR and how visual cues, such as the perimeter–area ratio (PAR), can provide an accurate and reliable index of an individual's BMI.