Corpus ID: 37825815

Human Physiological Responses to Cold Stress and Hypothermia 353 EXHIBIT 11-1 HYPOTHERMIA-INDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL AND PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS Increased Heat Loss

  title={Human Physiological Responses to Cold Stress and Hypothermia 353 EXHIBIT 11-1 HYPOTHERMIA-INDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL AND PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS Increased Heat Loss},
  author={Robert S. Pozos and Daniel F. Danzl},
Modeling Thermoregulatory Responses to Cold Environments
The ability to model and simulate the rise and fall of core body temperature is of significant interest to a broad spectrum of organizations. These organizations include the military, as well as bothExpand
Thermoregulatory Responses and Performance of Dairy Calves Fed Different Amounts of Colostrum
Even though there was a benefit for the calf submitted to cold stress on the first day of life, feeding higher volumes of colostrum resulted in no differences in performance during the preweaning phase, Nevertheless, calves fed a higher volume of Colostrum (20% BW) presented increased immune responses during thePre weaning phase. Expand
Evaluation of Three Field Rewarming Techniques During Cold Weather Military Training.
Findings suggesting similar rewarming responses in field settings are beneficial for the warfighter, and perhaps others, in that rewarming options exist and can be implemented with no compromise in recovery from cold stress are suggested. Expand
High and low ambient temperature at night and the prescription of hypnotics.
It is found that either a high or low nighttime temperature was significantly associated with a high daily dose of hypnotic medications in the Korean population. Expand
Mortality and thermal environment (UTCI) in Poland—long-term, multi-city study
  • M. Kuchcik
  • Geography, Medicine
  • International Journal of Biometeorology
  • 2020
There was a clear difference as regards the dependence of mortality on UTCI between cities located in the ”cooler” eastern part of Poland and the “warmer” central and western parts, and an increase in mortality on cold stress days was noted mainly in the“cool” cities. Expand
Global REACH 2018: The influence of acute and chronic hypoxia on cerebral haemodynamics and related functional outcomes during cold and heat stress
Chronic hypoxia renders the brain susceptible to large reductions in oxygen delivery with concurrent cold stress, which might make monitoring core temperature more important in this context. Expand
Is There a Need to Integrate Human Thermal Models with Weather Forecasts to Predict Thermal Stress?
An interesting approach is to use weather station data as input for the wet bulb globe temperature heat stress index, human heat balance models, and wind chill index to assess heat and cold stress. Expand
Mortality, Temperature, and Public Health Provision: Evidence from Mexico
We examine the impact of temperature on mortality across income groups in Mexico using individual death records (1998-2010) and Census data. Random variations in temperature are responsible for 8% ofExpand
Web-based hypothermia information and internet resources
  • 2015
IntroductIon Hypothermia is a drop in core body temperature below 35°C caused by exposure to cold air, immersion in cold water, or from thermoregulation inefficiencies attributable to senescence orExpand


Cutaneous thermoreceptors and thermal nociceptors
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Accidental Hypothermia. Philadelphia, Pa
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Factors which affect shivering in man during cold water immersion
Shivering elicited by the cold water immersion was attenuated and/or abolished by the mental arithmetic task and in some instances by a voluntary isometric contraction of forearm muscles. Expand
Hypothermia-induced reduction in the permeation of radiolabelled tracer substances across the blood-brain barrier
  • A. Krantis
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Acta Neuropathologica
  • 2004
The nature of α-amino-isobutyric acid to rapidly distribute to intracellular vs. extracellular sites suggests the effects of hypothermia seen here are due primarily to the condition of cerebrovascular membranes. Expand
Interrelationships between increased vascular permeability and acute neuronal damage following temperature-controlled brain ischemia in rats
These studies suggest a close interrelationship between postischemic microvascular abnormalities, including increased vascular permeability, and morphological indicators of acute neuronal injury following brain ischemia. Expand
Temperatures of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle and core in resting men in cold, comfortable and hot conditions
  • P. Webb
  • Medicine
  • European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
  • 2004
The temperature gradient from subcutaneous tissue to skin, which differed substantially with comfort, the onset of shivering and the onset-of- sweating, could serve as a regulatory signal. Expand
Background. Mild perioperative hypothermia, which is common during major surgery, may promote surgical-wound infection by triggering thermoregulatory vasoconstriction, which decreases subcutaneousExpand
Evaluation of Infrared Tympanic Thermometers during Normothermia and Hypothermia in Humans
Three brands of ITTs were evaluated on normothermic and hypothermic subjects against various estimates of core temperature: oral (To& rectal (Tre), esophageal (T,,,), and ear canal (Tee). Expand
Relationship between cold tolerance and generation of suppressor macrophages during acute cold stress.
The results suggest that the altered GC response to acutecold stress by the improvement of cold tolerance inhibits the generation of suppressor macrophages during acute cold stress. Expand
Homeostatic responses to prolonged cold exposure: Human cold adaptation
  • Fregly MJ, Blatteis CM, eds. Handbook of Physiology
  • 1996