Human Nature and Enhancement

  title={Human Nature and Enhancement},
  author={Allen E. Buchanan},
  journal={Behavioral \& Experimental Economics},
  • A. Buchanan
  • Published 2009
  • Medicine, Philosophy
  • Behavioral & Experimental Economics
Appeals to the idea of human nature are frequent in the voluminous literature on the ethics of enhancing human beings through biotechnology. Two chief concerns about the impact of enhancements on human nature have been voiced. The first is that enhancement may alter or destroy human nature. The second is that if enhancement alters or destroys human nature, this will undercut our ability to ascertain the good because, for us, the good is determined by our nature. The first concern assumes that… Expand
A Thomistic appraisal of human enhancement technologies
  • J. Eberl
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Theoretical medicine and bioethics
  • 2014
I explicate Thomas Aquinas’s influential theory of human nature, noting certain key traits commonly shared among human beings that define each as a “person” who possesses inviolable moral status. Expand
12. Partiality for Humanity and Enhancement
We consider a strategy for justifying bio-conservative opposition to enhancement according to which we should resist radical departures from human nature, not because human nature possesses anyExpand
Is it ‘more normal’ to enhance than to restore our nature?
Abstract In this paper I give a short overview about the general implications of issues of human nature within the field of human enhancement. The first section of my contribution deals with aExpand
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Enhancement technologies are not only object of fundamental controversies but also affect both the boundaries of the human and the concept of individual rights. They range from plastic surgery, smartExpand
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The argument from human nature is based on a series of false or problematic assumptions, and fails to play the normative role intended by Habermas, and ultimately, genetic enhancement jeopardizes the very foundations of moral equality. Expand
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Advances in bioscience and biotechnology move faster than our conceptual and ethical understanding of them. These advances may ultimately change human nature and our understanding of what it means toExpand
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Some critics argue that the problem with performance enhancements in sports is that their use distorts the humanity of the athlete, in of three ways: (1) that performance enhancements demeanExpand
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January-February 2011 As Nick Agar noted in the pages of this journal in 2007, there now exists a significant body of work in bioethics that argues in favor of enhancing human beings. WritersExpand
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The prospect of emerging biotechnologies that would enable us to enhance and even radically transform our natural human capacities has generated significant ethical controversy. Such enhancementsExpand
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Appeals to human nature as a normative principle for practical reasoning are often made in medical and health-care ethics. Such moral arguments presuppose an essentialist theory of human nature thatExpand


The Goodness of Fragility: On the Prospect of Genetic Technologies Aimed at the Enhancement of Human Capacities
  • E. Parens
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal
  • 1995
Beginning with the assumptions that genetic technology will make possible the enhancement of some significant human capacities and that our society will have self-evident reasons to pursue suchExpand