Human Genetic Diversity and the Nonexistence of Biological Races

  title={Human Genetic Diversity and the Nonexistence of Biological Races},
  author={J. Long and R. Kittles},
  booktitle={Human biology},
  • J. Long, R. Kittles
  • Published in Human biology 2009
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Abstract Sewall Wright's population structure statistic, FST, measured among samples of world populations is often 15% or less. This would indicate that 85% of genetic variation occurs within groups while only 15% can be attributed to allele frequency differences among groups. In this paper, we show that this low value reflects strong biases that result from violating hidden assumptions that define FST. These limitations on FST are demonstrated algebraically and in the context of analyzing… CONTINUE READING
    69 Citations
    Update to Long and Kittles's “Human Genetic Diversity and the Nonexistence of Biological Races” (2003): Fixation on an Index
    • J. Long
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Human biology
    • 2009
    • 10
    Human DNA sequences: more variation and less race.
    • 57
    • PDF
    The Genetic Structure of Pacific Islanders
    • 278
    • PDF
    Craniometric Similarities Within and between Human Populations in Comparison with Neutral Genetic Data
    • 28
    • PDF
    Rejection of a serial founder effects model of genetic and linguistic coevolution
    • 29
    • PDF
    Autosomal STR genetic variability in the Gran Chaco native population: Homogeneity or heterogeneity?
    • 24
    Non-spurious correlations between genetic and linguistic diversities in the context of human evolution
    • 6
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Upper bounds on FST in terms of the frequency of the most frequent allele and total homozygosity: the case of a specified number of alleles.
    • 17
    • PDF
    On the heterozygosity of an admixed population.


    An apportionment of human DNA diversity.
    • 451
    • PDF
    Drift, admixture, and selection in human evolution: a study with DNA polymorphisms.
    • 358
    • PDF
    Genetic perspectives on human origins and differentiation.
    • 328
    • PDF
    Genetic Structure of Human Populations
    • 2,395
    • PDF
    Larger genetic differences within africans than between Africans and Eurasians.
    • 165
    • PDF
    Evolutionary relationships of human populations on a global scale.
    • 298
    • PDF