Human Empathy, Personality and Experience Affect the Emotion Ratings of Dog and Human Facial Expressions

@article{Kujala2017HumanEP,
  title={Human Empathy, Personality and Experience Affect the Emotion Ratings of Dog and Human Facial Expressions},
  author={Miiamaaria V. Kujala and Sanni Somppi and Markus Jokela and Outi Vainio and Lauri Parkkonen},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2017},
  volume={12}
}
Facial expressions are important for humans in communicating emotions to the conspecifics and enhancing interpersonal understanding. Many muscles producing facial expressions in humans are also found in domestic dogs, but little is known about how humans perceive dog facial expressions, and which psychological factors influence people’s perceptions. Here, we asked 34 observers to rate the valence, arousal, and the six basic emotions (happiness, sadness, surprise, disgust, fear, and anger… 
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