Human Ecology

@article{Park1936HumanE,
  title={Human Ecology},
  author={Robert Ezra Park},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={1936},
  volume={42},
  pages={1 - 15}
}
  • R. Park
  • Published 1 July 1936
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
Human ecology is an attempt to apply to the interrelations of human beings a type of analysis previously applied to the interrelations of plants and animals. The term "symbiosis" describes a type of social relationship that is biotic rather than cultural. This biotic social order comes into existence and is maintained by competition. In plant and animal societies competition is unrestricted by an institutional or moral order. Human society is a consequence and effect of this limitation of the… 
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