Human Colonization of the Palau Islands, Western Micronesia

  title={Human Colonization of the Palau Islands, Western Micronesia},
  author={Geoffrey Clark and Atholl Anderson and Duncan Wright},
  journal={The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology},
  pages={215 - 232}
ABSTRACT Adaptation to new environments is an important issue in colonization research with implications for accurately establishing the timing of human arrival and interpreting the dispersal pattern from the distribution of early archaeological sites. Island groups frequently contain a diverse range of landscapes and geographic variation in their colonization records that might reflect the environmental preference of prehistoric migrants. In the Palau Islands the large island of Babeldaob may… 
Holocene Paleoshoreline and Paleoenvironmental History of Palau: Implications for Human Settlement
ABSTRACT Information from cores into the offshore reefs of Komebail Lagoon and into the coastal fringes of Babeldaob and neighboring islets allows the first well-constrained appraisal of the Holocene
Last millennium climate change in the occupation and abandonment of Palau's Rock Islands
The role of AD 1300 climate change in widespread societal change in Palau and the pacific Basin has recently been debated by Fitzpatrick (2010, 2011) and Nunn and Hunter-Anderson (2011). The central
Colonisation and culture change in the early prehistory of Fiji
The arrival of humans in the Fiji Islands at ca. 2950–3050 cal. BP was, in historical and ecological terms, a momentous event in Pacific prehistory that nonetheless comprised only a relatively small
Temporal trends in prehistoric fishing in Palau, Micronesia over the last 1500 years
Abstract Previous research at the Chelechol ra Orrak site in Palau, Micronesia suggested that fishing may have declined prehistorically over the past two thousand years. Here we discuss the analysis
Temporal trends in the Colonisation of the Pacific: Palaeodemographic Insights
The colonisation of eastern parts of the Pacific Islands was the last phase in the preindustrial expansion of the human species. Given the scale and challenges of the endeavour it is unsurprising
A Marine Reservoir Correction Value (ΔR) for the Palauan Archipelago: Environmental and Oceanographic Considerations
ABSTRACT This paper investigates the marine reservoir effect (ΔR) around Palau with specific focus on environmental and oceanographic causes of variation. Two new ΔR values of known-age, pre-AD 1950
Archaeology, historical ecology and anthropogenic island ecosystems
SUMMARY In the face of environmental uncertainty due to anthropogenic climate change, islands are at the front lines of global change, threatened by sea level rise, habitat alteration, extinctions
Cultural Chronology of Earthworks in Palau, Western Micronesia
Earth architecture is ubiquitous on Palau's volcanic islands, yet by European contact the often massive interior structures lay unoccupied and were conspicuously absent from the archipelago's rich
Small Scattered Fragments Do Not a Dwarf Make: Biological and Archaeological Data Indicate that Prehistoric Inhabitants of Palau Were Normal Sized
Prehistoric Palauan populations were normal sized and exhibit traits that fall within the normal variation for Homo sapiens—they do not support the claims by Berger et al. (2008) that there were smaller-bodied populations living in Palau or that insular dwarfism took place such as may be the case for Homo floresiensis.
Tropical islands of the Anthropocene: Deep histories of anthropogenic terrestrial–marine entanglement in the Pacific and Caribbean
It is suggested that on the humanized tropical islands of the Anthropocene, mangroves, near shore and littoral areas, and coral reefs were major sites of terrestrial–marine interface chronicling and modulating anthropogenic effects.


Radiocarbon dates from the Ulong site in Palau and implications for Western Micronesian prehistory
  • G. Clark
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2004
Abstract Recent excavations on Ulong Island in Palau recovered an early pottery assemblage that has not been recorded previously in the archipelago. Four AMS results on charcoal fragments and
The Colonisation of Palau: preliminary results from Angaur and Ulong
Recent investigations undertaken on the islands of Angaur and Ulong aimed at recovering early cultural materials from Palau's sequence to clarify the archipelago's colonisation history and investigate the colonisers' connection to early Austronesian movements in Island South East Asia and the Lapita dispersal in Near and Remote Oceania.
The pattern of Lapita settlement in Fiji
At continental and oceanic geographic scales radiocarbon chronologies are important for calibrating the expansion of prehistoric populations, and understanding the type of dispersal process. In Fiji
On The Periphery? Archaeological Investigations At Ngelong, Angaur Island, Palau
While constructed defences indicate the existence of inter-group hostility in the past, it is suggested the outcome of warfare resulted in significant differences between late-prehistoric Palauan communities, which can be identified in the archaeological settlement record.
A 3000-Year Culture Sequence from Palau, Western Micronesia
  • G. Clark
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2005
In western Micronesia archaeological sites containing material-culture remains spanning millennia are rare. This paper reports one from Ulong Island in Palau, which is radiocarbon dated to 3000 cal.
The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific
VOLUME ABSTRACT. This Supplement documents the discovery, excavation and analysis of material of the Polynesian occupation of Norfolk Island about 600 years ago. The main excavation, in the dunes of
The prehistoric chronology of Raoul Island, the Kermadec Group
Raoul, the largest of the Kermadec group of islands, has been investigated twice by archaeologists and radiocarbon dating of the south-east end of the Low Flat site has resulted in 10th century AD
Rapid prehistoric extinction of iguanas and birds in Polynesia
The geologically instantaneous prehistoric collapse of Lifuka's vertebrate community contrasts with the much longer periods of faunal depletion on some other islands, thus showing that the elapse time between human arrival and major extinction events was highly variable on oceanic islands as well as on continents.
Stratigraphy, chronology, and cultural context of an early faunal assemblage from Easter Island
We report on the text excavation of a small trench at the coastal site of Ahu Nau- nau, Anakena, Easter Island (Rapanui), Chile. The cultural deposits are a basal silty clay overlain by up to 1.3 m