Human Colonization of the Palau Islands, Western Micronesia

  title={Human Colonization of the Palau Islands, Western Micronesia},
  author={Geoffrey Clark and Atholl Anderson and Duncan Wright},
  journal={The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology},
  pages={215 - 232}
ABSTRACT Adaptation to new environments is an important issue in colonization research with implications for accurately establishing the timing of human arrival and interpreting the dispersal pattern from the distribution of early archaeological sites. Island groups frequently contain a diverse range of landscapes and geographic variation in their colonization records that might reflect the environmental preference of prehistoric migrants. In the Palau Islands the large island of Babeldaob may… 

Holocene Paleoshoreline and Paleoenvironmental History of Palau: Implications for Human Settlement

ABSTRACT Information from cores into the offshore reefs of Komebail Lagoon and into the coastal fringes of Babeldaob and neighboring islets allows the first well-constrained appraisal of the Holocene

Last millennium climate change in the occupation and abandonment of Palau's Rock Islands

The role of AD 1300 climate change in widespread societal change in Palau and the pacific Basin has recently been debated by Fitzpatrick (2010, 2011) and Nunn and Hunter-Anderson (2011). The central

Global Patterns in Island Colonization during the Holocene

Analysis of the spatial and temporal structure of global island colonization allows us to frame the extent of insular human cultural diversity, model the impact of common environmental factors

Colonisation and culture change in the early prehistory of Fiji

The arrival of humans in the Fiji Islands at ca. 2950–3050 cal. BP was, in historical and ecological terms, a momentous event in Pacific prehistory that nonetheless comprised only a relatively small

Marginalization of the Margins: The Importance of Smaller Islands in Human Prehistory

ABSTRACT Across the world's seas and oceans, archaeological research focused on islands has generally privileged those that are larger in size. Explanations for this phenomenon range from the

Temporal trends in prehistoric fishing in Palau, Micronesia over the last 1500 years

Abstract Previous research at the Chelechol ra Orrak site in Palau, Micronesia suggested that fishing may have declined prehistorically over the past two thousand years. Here we discuss the analysis

The rat and the octopus: initial human colonization and the prehistoric introduction of domestic animals to Remote Oceania

Evaluation of invasibility, invasiveness and transportability characteristics amongst the four taxa suggest that island size and complexity, propagule pressure and seafaring capability were important factors in differential distribution and survival.

Temporal trends in the Colonisation of the Pacific: Palaeodemographic Insights

The colonisation of eastern parts of the Pacific Islands was the last phase in the preindustrial expansion of the human species. Given the scale and challenges of the endeavour it is unsurprising

Temporal trends in the Colonisation of the Pacific: Palaeodemographic Insights

The colonisation of eastern parts of the Pacific Islands was the last phase in the preindustrial expansion of the human species. Given the scale and challenges of the endeavour it is unsurprising

A Marine Reservoir Correction Value (ΔR) for the Palauan Archipelago: Environmental and Oceanographic Considerations

ABSTRACT This paper investigates the marine reservoir effect (ΔR) around Palau with specific focus on environmental and oceanographic causes of variation. Two new ΔR values of known-age, pre-AD 1950

The archaeology of Aulong Island and the colonisation of Palau

This thesis examines initial colonisation and post-colonisation settlement in Palau. These issues are addressed through archaeological excavations and analysis, with an attempt to identify shifts in

Radiocarbon dates from the Ulong site in Palau and implications for Western Micronesian prehistory

  • G. Clark
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2004
Abstract Recent excavations on Ulong Island in Palau recovered an early pottery assemblage that has not been recorded previously in the archipelago. Four AMS results on charcoal fragments and

The Colonisation of Palau: preliminary results from Angaur and Ulong

Recent investigations undertaken on the islands of Angaur and Ulong aimed at recovering early cultural materials from Palau's sequence to clarify the archipelago's colonisation history and investigate the colonisers' connection to early Austronesian movements in Island South East Asia and the Lapita dispersal in Near and Remote Oceania.

New Radiocarbon Ages of Colonization Sites in East Polynesia

The archaeological chronology of initial human colonization in East Polynesia has relied substantially upon radiocarbon dating results from a small number of sites in the central region, notably Motu

The pattern of Lapita settlement in Fiji

At continental and oceanic geographic scales radiocarbon chronologies are important for calibrating the expansion of prehistoric populations, and understanding the type of dispersal process. In Fiji

On The Periphery? Archaeological Investigations At Ngelong, Angaur Island, Palau

While constructed defences indicate the existence of inter-group hostility in the past, it is suggested the outcome of warfare resulted in significant differences between late-prehistoric Palauan communities, which can be identified in the archaeological settlement record.

A 3000-Year Culture Sequence from Palau, Western Micronesia

  • G. Clark
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2005
In western Micronesia archaeological sites containing material-culture remains spanning millennia are rare. This paper reports one from Ulong Island in Palau, which is radiocarbon dated to 3000 cal.

Radiocarbon dating, sea-level change and the peopling of Belau

The initial settlement of the Belau archipelago has been widely posited to have taken place by 1500 B.C., a time coincident with documented early occupation in the Mariana Islands. However, recent

The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific

VOLUME ABSTRACT. This Supplement documents the discovery, excavation and analysis of material of the Polynesian occupation of Norfolk Island about 600 years ago. The main excavation, in the dunes of