Human Alteration of the Global Nitrogen Cycle : Causes and Consequences

  title={Human Alteration of the Global Nitrogen Cycle : Causes and Consequences},
  author={Peter M Vitousek and John Aber and Robert W. Howarth and Gene E. Likens and Pamela Ann Matson and David W. Schindler and William H Schlesinger and G. David Tilman},
Nitrogen is a key element controlling the species composition, diversity, dynamics, and functioning of many terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Many of the original plant species living in these ecosystems are adapted to, and function optimally in, soils and solutions with low levels of available nitrogen. The growth and dynamics of herbivore populations, and ultimately those of their predators, also are affected by N. Agriculture, combustion of fossil fuels, and other human… CONTINUE READING
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