Human–Pet Dynamics in Cross-Cultural Perspective

  title={Human–Pet Dynamics in Cross-Cultural Perspective},
  author={Peter B. Gray and Sharon M Young},
  pages={17 - 30}
ABSTRACT Pets increasingly serve the function as emotional surrogates of children, with tremendous resources poured into their care. However, this function of pets may be quite different from the typical human–pet dynamics characterizing a wider array of societies. To help fill a gap in the cross-cultural understanding of pets, we employed the probability sample of the electronic Human Relations Area Files (eHRAF), covering 60 societies, to code for various features of human–pet dynamics. The… Expand
Biology, Culture, and the Origins of Pet-Keeping
Attachments between non-human animals of different species are surprisingly common in situations involving human agency (e.g., homes, zoos, and wildlife parks). However, cross-species animalExpand
The Roles of Pet Dogs and Cats in Human Courtship and Dating
ABSTRACT What role do companion animals play in the dating lives of single adults? As dogs and cats are increasingly viewed as family members, a person's pets may wield significant influence inExpand
Do dog-human bonds influence movements of free-ranging dogs in wilderness?
Abstract Domestic dogs have a close and mutualistic relationship with humans. When unconfined, they usually stay close to the owner’s home, but some undertake intensive forays in nature with negativeExpand
A Multispecies Approach to Co-Sleeping
A historical outline of the “civilizing process” that has led to current sociocultural conceptions of sleep as an individual, private function crucial for the functioning of society and the health of individuals is provided. Expand
An Exploration of Attitudes toward Dogs among College Students in Bangalore, India
The presence of and affiliation with pet dogs, with reduced utility and increased affect, is symptomatic of cultural changes typical of societies encountering the second demographic transition, and potential sex differences as expected based upon evolutionary principles remain present. Expand
Introduction: Children and the Dogs in Their Lives
Interactions between children and dogs may be commonplace yet research on this topic is surprisingly scarce. Most studies of human-animal interaction have focused on all possible animals kept as petsExpand
Negotiated Bonds: The Practice of Childfree Pet Parenting
ABSTRACT The American Pet Products Association reports a decade-long increase of pet spending, estimated to reach over $69 billion in 2017. In some cases, these owners apply traditional parentingExpand
People and Companion Animals: It Takes Two to Tango
This work reviews the current state of research on human–animal relations by focusing particularly on companion animals and on the psychological mechanisms involved in this special relationship. Expand
Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses
Abstract. Dogs' relationship with humans is pervasive and familiar, and human-dog social bonds serve multiple functions. Yet the breadth and depth of this variation is poorly understood. This studyExpand
Toward a psychology of human-animal relations.
The current state of research on human-animal relations is reviewed, showing how this body of work has implications for a diverse range of psychological themes including evolutionary processes, development, normative factors, gender and individual differences, health and therapy, and intergroup relations. Expand


Why do people love their pets
Abstract The evidence that people form strong attachments with their pets is briefly reviewed before identifying the characteristics of such relationships, which include pets being a source ofExpand
Dogs: A New Understanding of Canine Origin, Behavior and Evolution
Biologists, breeders and trainers, and champion sled dog racers, Raymond and Lorna Coppinger have more than four decades of experience with literally thousands of dogs. Offering a scientificallyExpand
Mirrors and Windows: Sociocultural Studies of Human-Animal Relationships
▪ Abstract Humans' relationships with animals, increasingly the subject of controversy, have long been of interest to those whose primary aim has been the better understanding of humans'Expand
Quality of life of the pet dog: Influence of owner and dog's characteristics
Abstract The present study investigates how characteristics of both the dog, Canis familiaris , and their owner influence the quality of life (QoL) of the pet dog. The investigation was carried outExpand
Neurophysiological correlates of affiliative behaviour between humans and dogs.
The results indicate that concentrations of beta-endorphin, oxytocin, prolactin, beta-phenylethylamine, and dopamine increased in both species after positive interspecies interaction, while that of cortisol decreased in the humans only. Expand
The Domestication of Social Cognition in Dogs
It is found that wolves who were raised by humans do not show these same skills, whereas domestic dog puppies only a few weeks old, even those that have had little human contact, do show these skills. Expand
Attitudes of the public towards dogs and cats as companion animals.
Female respondents were more emotionally involved and younger owners derived more of a feeling of importance-vanity from dog or cat ownership, and nonowners stated they derive minimal value from aDog or cat as a pet. Expand
Attitudes Towards Dogs: A Study of University Students in Japan and the UK
The greatest difference between the two countries was in attitudes towards euthanasia, which the British found more acceptable than did the Japanese, and women were more likely to consider dogs as their equals, than men in the same country. Expand
Human Ethology
One of the pitfalls of interdisciplinary studies is that the researcher may be unaware of relevant work already accomplished on the other side of the traditional disciplinary barrier. Thus, IExpand
Hunters, herders, and hamburgers : the past and future of human-animal relationships
1 - Postdomesticity: Our Lives with Animals2 - The Stages of Human-Animal Relations 3 - Separation: The Human-Animal Divide4 - Predomesticity 5 - Where the Tame Things Are6 - Domestication andExpand