Hubble-bubble (water pipe) smoking: levels of nicotine and cotinine in plasma, saliva and urine.

@article{Shafagoj2002HubblebubbleP,
  title={Hubble-bubble (water pipe) smoking: levels of nicotine and cotinine in plasma, saliva and urine.},
  author={Yanal A Shafagoj and Faisal I. Mohammed and Kamal Abdelhamid Hadidi},
  journal={International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics},
  year={2002},
  volume={40 6},
  pages={249-55}
}
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the present study was to assess the levels of nicotine and cotinine in biological fluids (plasma, saliva, and urine) following hubble-bubble (HB) smoking. METHODS Fourteen healthy male volunteers, aged 28 +/- 8 years, body weight of 82.7 +/- 13.53 kg, participated in the study. All volunteers were habitual HB smokers for 3.29 +/- 1.90 years who smoked at least 3 runs per week with an average of 20 g Mua'sel per run. Volunteers were requested to avoid smoking, at… CONTINUE READING

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