How wood evolves: a new synthesis

@article{Carlquist2012HowWE,
  title={How wood evolves: a new synthesis},
  author={S. Carlquist},
  journal={Botany},
  year={2012},
  volume={90},
  pages={901-940}
}
Recent advances in wood physiology, molecular phylogeny, and ultrastructure (chiefly scanning electron microscopy, SEM), as well as important new knowledge in traditional fields, provide the basis for a new vision of how wood evolves. Woody angiosperms have, in the main, shifted from conductive safety to conductive efficiency (with many variations and modifications) and from ability to resist cavitation (low vulnerability) to ability to refill vessels. The invention of the vessel was a kind of… Expand
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