How voluntary are voluntary returns?

  title={How voluntary are voluntary returns?},
  author={Frances Webber},
  journal={Race \& Class},
  pages={107 - 98}
  • F. Webber
  • Published 1 April 2011
  • Business
  • Race & Class
‘Voluntary returns’ for rejected asylum seekers, foreign national prisoners, illegal entrants and overstayers are increasingly being promoted by European governments without due regard for the safety and preparedness of the returnee. In addition, the voluntariness of such returns has to be questioned. Among the UK schemes examined here are the Voluntary Assisted Return and Reintegration Programme (VARRP), Assisted Voluntary Return of Irregular Migrants (AVRIM), Assisted Voluntary Return for… 

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In this paper, we investigate how state and non-state provides of return counselling try to influence aspirations for return among (rejected) asylum seekers. Existing literature has highlighted both

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"Voluntary repatriation" to a country of origin may be necessary to restore refugees' rights, when only a country of origin will provide rights associated with citizenship. Yet, if refugees are

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Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) programmes in the UK offer a repatriation service for asylum seekers and include a resettlement package. Funded by the British government and the EU, these programmes

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