How to...write and analyse a questionnaire.

  title={How to...write and analyse a questionnaire.},
  author={A. Williams},
  journal={Journal of orthodontics},
  volume={30 3},
  • A. Williams
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Education
  • Journal of orthodontics
Questionnaires are used in a wide range of settings to gather information about the opinions and behaviour of individuals. As with any other branch of science, the validity and reliability of the measurement tool, i.e. the questionnaire, needs to be rigorously tested to ensure that the data collected is meaningful. The design and method of administration of a questionnaire will also influence the response rate that is achieved and the quality of data that is collected. This paper discusses the… 

Understanding survey research: Applications and processes

This article focuses on the postal questionnaire which is popular with midwifery researchers as it can provide valid and statistically significant results from a large target population pertinent to midWifery care, and help inform and educate midw ifery practice of factors affecting consumers, midwives and student midwives.

A Primer on Survey Research

This chapter presents a summary of best practices for the design, development, and analysis of quantitative survey research. The authors provide an overview of sampling procedures, as well as a

ABC of Questionnaire Development and Validation for Survey Research

Survey-based studies are ubiquitous in medical, social, economic, psychological and behavioural research, where questionnaires are often used as the main research tool to collect various information

Analyzing Functionalities for Online Questionnaire System (OQS)

This project focuses on the development of the questionnaire system by focusing on the 'built-in' statistical analysis functionalities to facilitate and support the researcher’s tasks.

Data Quality Matrix

The study found that all the quadrants of the matrix have importance depending upon the nature of the study, and suggests that risky situation can be improved through enhancing the quality of data collected.

Development of a multisource feedback instrument for clinical supervisors in postgraduate medical training.

This paper discusses the piloting of the 'feedback on performance for trainers' tool for clinical supervisors of geriatric medicine trainees in the North Western Deanery and strong evidence to support the validity of this instrument has been collected.

RIOT - a tool for estimating the reliability of surveys

It is now known that the Cronbach's alpha coefficient is an estimate created to evaluate how reliable a questionnaire is, and this coefficient becomes an important piece in the creation of a new tool, called rational inference over trust RIOT, which will seek to optimise the same in a given questionnaire.

Developing a Questionnaire to Assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Health-Care Workers about Blood-borne Diseases and its Psychometric Analysis

A standardized questionnaire was developed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of the oral health-care workers in Tehran University Dental School regarding the blood-transmitted diseases and its validity and reliability were determined.


This paper reports the findings from the first stage qualitative data analysis of a longitudinal study investigating factors that affect students’ achievement in a distance learning English writing



Some experiments with factors that might affect the response of mothers to a postal questionnaire.

The effects of a number of controllable factors on the response rate of mothers to a postal questionnaire were assessed and it was found that rather more mothers replied when the questionnaires contained only factual questions than when they covered both facts and attitudes.

Factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires: A quantitative analysis of the published literature.

Two hundred fourteen manipulations of the independent variables in 98 mailed questionnaire response rate experiments were treated as respondents to a survey, yielding a mean final response rate of

Interviews or postal questionnaires? Comparisons of data about women's experiences with maternity services.

An experimental study of experiences and attitudes of 800 newly delivered mothers revealed surprising advantages to postal surveys: they are cheaper, more easily repeatable, and minimize interviewer effects.


This article summarizes the findings of an experiment to evaluate the effect of "Don't Know" (DK) boxes in a mail questionnaire consisting of factual questions. In a split-panel test, half of the

Research Methods in Health

The new edition of Research Methods in Health continues to provide an excellent broad based introduction to the subject and has been thoroughly revised throughout to include updated references and boxed examples.

Uninformed Response Error in Survey Research

Using a survey of 500 members of the general public and 500 lawyers from four cities, the authors examine uninformed response error in survey research. By asking respondents to evaluate the past

Practical statistics for medical research

Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background.

Designing and using patient and staff questionnaires

  • In Health Services Research Methods—a guide to best practice. London: BMJ Books,
  • 1998