How to uncoil your partner—“mating songs” in giant pill-millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida)

  title={How to uncoil your partner—“mating songs” in giant pill-millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida)},
  author={Thomas Wesener and J{\"o}rn K{\"o}hler and Stefan Fuchs and Didier van den Spiegel},
The stridulation of the giant pill-millipede genus Sphaerotherium from South Africa, one of only three groups of millipedes that produce sounds, was studied. One hundred one stridulation series of a total of nine different species (Sphaerotherium dorsaloide, Sphaerotherium hanstroemi, Sphaerotherium mahaium, Sphaerotherium similare, Sphaerotherium punctulatum, Sphaerotherium convexitarsum, Sphaerotherium dorsale, Sphaerotherium rotundatum, and Sphaerotherium perbrincki) were analyzed… 

Stridulation and Courtship Behaviour of Four Endemic Pill-Millipedes, Arthrosphaera spp. (Sphaerotheriida: Arthrosphaeridae) of the Western Ghats of India

The structure of stridulatory organs, mechanism ofstridulation and pattern of mating behaviour in four species of pill-millipedes endemic to the Western Ghats of Southern India was analyzed.

Integrative description of two new species of Malagasy chirping giant pill-millipedes, genus Sphaeromimus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida: Arthrosphaeridae)

The species-rich giant pill-millipedes (Sphaerotheriida) often represent a microendemic component of Madagascar’s mega-invertebrate fauna. Of the chirping genus Sphaeromimus de Saussure & Zehntner,

A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes

A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida was conducted using 100 morphological characters and including two Cyliosoma species and four recently described or redescribed species of the family Zephroniidae, including the first SEM images of a member of the genus.

Integrative revision of the giant pill-millipede genus Sphaeromimus from Madagascar, with the description of seven new species (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida, Arthrosphaeridae)

Seven new species of the Malagasy giant pill-millipede genus Sphaeromimus are discovered, in one case with the help of sequence data, in the rainforests of southeastern Madagascar, each occurring in isolated forest fragments.

Ecotone shifts in southern Madagascar: first barcoding data and six new species of the endemic millipede genus Riotintobolus (Spirobolida, Pachybolidae)

Molecular data reveal that the two critically endangered species from the humid littoral rainforest are not closely related to one another, but have their closest relative in the dry spiny forest ecosystem.

Daily Activities of the Giant Pill-Millipede Zephronia cf . viridescens Attems , 1936 ( Diplopoda : Sphaerotheriida : Zephroniidae ) in a Deciduous Forest in Northern Thailand

Attems, 1936 (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida: Zephroniidae) in a Deciduous Forest in Northern Thailand Nattarin Wongthamwanich1,2, Somsak Panha1,2, Duangkhae Sitthicharoenchai1,2, Art-ong

Seven new giant pill-millipede species and numerous new records of the genus Zoosphaerium from Madagascar (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida, Arthrosphaeridae)

Seven new species of the giant pill-millipede genus Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 are described from Madagascar, while new locality data is provided for 11 species and numerous unidentifiable species.

Sexual behaviour and morphological variation in the millipede Megaphyllum bosniense (Verhoeff, 1897)

Sexual behaviour of millipedes is quantified as characterized by several sequences, and the influence of morphological variation (both variation of linear measurements and variation in the shape of several structures) on mating success is analysed.

Sexual size dimorphism and the rejection of Rensch’s rule in Diplopoda (Arthropoda)

Rensch’s rule predict the negative associations between sexual size dimorphism (SSD) and body sizes for relatively larger females. This prediction was tested for forest and savanna diplopods using a

Allometry for sexual dimorphism in millipedes (Diplopoda)

Rensch’s rule predict the negative associations between sexual size dimorphism (SSD) and body sizes for relatively larger females. This prediction was tested for forest and savanna diplopods using a



A first phylogenetic analysis of Giant Pill‐Millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida), a new model Gondwanan taxon, with special emphasis on island gigantism

The current phylogeny of Giant Pill‐Millipede families mirrors perfectly the suggested break‐up of Gondwana fragments 160–90 Ma, and no evidence for a dispersal event could be found, highlighting the importance of Giantpill‐millipedes as a potential model taxon.

Revision of some of the oldest species in the millipede genus Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida, Sphaerotheriidae), with new synonymies

Most of the oldest Sphaerotherium species are revised, with special reference to the structure of the posterior tergal margin, and a neotype of Oligaspis puncticeps Wood, 1865 has been selected, and the species is shown to be a new junior subjective synonym of S. rotundatum Brandt, 1833.

Dining on diplopods: remarkable feeding behaviour in chlamydephorid slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda)

Predation on sphaerotheriid millipedes may be a behavioural apomorphy associated with a clade within the Chlamydephoridae, including taxa with longitudinal body keels and distinctive radula morphology, but it is evidently not confined to this clade.

Acoustic differentiation reflects mitochondrial lineages in Blyth's leaf warbler and white-tailed leaf warbler complexes (Aves: Phylloscopus reguloides, Phylloscopus davisoni)

Molecular phylogenetic results corroborate the recently suggested splittings of the two former taxa into three and two species, respectively and song pattern corroborates the genetic affiliation of Phylloscopus hainanus and Phylloscopeopus xanthoschistos to the molecular white-tailed leaf warbler clade.

Insect disturbance stridulation: Its Defensive role

  • W. Masters
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 2004
The view that insect disturbance stridulation deters predators is supported and spiders displayed greater persistence than when attacking phonic insects, and mortality was greater among silenced insects.

Assessing the taxonomic status of tropical frogs through bioacoustics: geographical variation in the advertisement calls in the Eleutherodactylus discoidalis species group (Anura)

For the whole group, pulse rate is significantly correlated to latitude, which could indicate a speciation process along the Andes in relation to habitat changes and isolation and a bioacoustical diagnosis for each species in order to facilitate identification in the field.

The giant pill-millipedes of Madagascar: revision of the genus Zoosphaerium (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida)

Dix-huit especes malgaches sont redecrites, avec des dessins de toutes les structures d'importance taxonomique et micrographies MEB presentes ici pour the premiere fois.


During spring to autumn, Gryllotalpa africana males stridulate and produce phonotactic calling songs from specially constructed acoustical burrows, and showed a significant positive relationship with soil temperature and significant decrease in values with soilTemperature constant in spring relative to autumn.

Current status of the Myriapod class diplopoda (millipedes): taxonomic diversity and phylogeny.

The first combined morphological and molecular analysis of the millipede orders is presented, and a list of critically evaluated characteristics of nominal clades identifying putative apomorphies is presented.

Insect sounds and communication : physiology, behaviour, ecology and evolution

Vibratory Signals Produced by Heteroptera - Pentatomorpha and Cimicomorpha Matija Gogala Vibrational Communication in Triatominae (Hemiptera) Claudio R. Casas and Christelle Magal SOUNDS in VARIOUS TAXA of INSECTS Vibratory signals produced by Hemipteras K. Kanmiya Communication by Vibratories Signals in Diptera.