How to stretch and shrink vowel systems: results from a vowel normalization procedure.


One of the goals of phonetic investigations is to find strategies for vowel production independent of speaker-specific vocal-tract anatomies and individual biomechanical properties. In this study techniques for speaker normalization that are derived from Procrustes methods were applied to acoustic and articulatory data. More precisely, data consist of the… (More)
DOI: 10.1121/1.3106130


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