To identify palmar cutaneous branches of median nerve and ulnar nerve (PCBMN and PCBUN) and try to find a safe path at wrist and forearm in the decompression procedure of carpal tunnel syndrome. Ten formalin-fixed and five fresh-frozen cadaveric forearms were included in the study. The cross point of longitude of middle finger and distal wrist crease was defined as 0 point. Distal wrist crease (DWC) and 0 point were chosen as references for measurements. Several points on the pathway of PCBMN and PCBUN were measured. The average distance between the origin of the PCBMN and PCBUN to the DWC was 4.95 ± 0.88 cm, 10.12 ± 1.50 cm, separately. The average distance between DWC and the point where PCBMN and PCBUN separated from their trunk was found to be 2.09 ± 0.31 cm, 2.90 ± 0.50 cm, separately. The distances between PCBMN, PCBUN and 0 point at DWC level was found to be 0.61 ± 0.12 cm, 0.47 ± 0.31 cm, separately. The diameters of two cutaneous branches were 0.10 ± 0.02 cm, 0.11 ± 0.04 cm, separately. The general longitudinal palmar incision could avoid injuries to recurrent branch of median nerve and distal branches of palmar cutaneous nerve can be avoided macroscopically. The area about 5 mm ulnar and 6 mm radial to 0 point at wrist level was a relatively safe area.