How to organize a fairly large vowel inventory: the vowels of Fering (North Frisian)

  title={How to organize a fairly large vowel inventory: the vowels of Fering (North Frisian)},
  author={Ocke-Schwen Bohn},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  pages={161 - 173}
  • O. Bohn
  • Published 1 December 2004
  • Geography
  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association
This paper presents parts of the results of the first stage in the phonetic documentation of Fering, a dialect of North Frisian. Descriptions of Fering indicate that it has a large vowel inventory (15 monophthongs, 7 diphthongs, and 3 triphthongs). Ten older male native speakers were recorded, producing the vowel and consonant inventory at different speaking rates, in different phonetic contexts, and in different speaking styles. The results of the acoustic analyses of the vowels of Fering… 
A cross-dialectal acoustic study of Saterland Frisian vowels.
The results suggest instances of phonetic attrition, i.e., merged categories, precisely where contrasts were reported to be on the retreat, and underline the importance of the consideration of inter-speaker variability as well as measurements beyond the vowel target.
A cross-dialectal acoustic study of the monophthongs and diphthongs of Welsh
The Welsh language has a complex vowel inventory with up to thirteen monophthongs and the same number of diphthongs. According to descriptive reports, systematic differences are found between the two
Cross-linguistic vowel variation in Saterland: Saterland Frisian, Low German and High German
The results suggest that the trilingual speakers use the same phonetic categories for Saterland Frisian and Low German but not for High German.
The acoustic realization of vowels of Shanghai Chinese
Examination of the acoustic realization of two complementary sets of vowels in Shanghai Chinese suggested that CSVs cannot be the reduced realization of OSVs, and the seemingly spectral reduction of CSVs is an inherent feature of the vowel's phonetic implementation, in contrast to the more static spectral patterns of the OSVs.
Regional variation of Saterland Frisian vowels
The comparison of spectral features of single vowel categories in the three varieties revealed an effect for Scharrel, in which most monophthongs are more centralized in the F1 dimension than in Strücklingen, discussed in light of the natives’ perception of regional differences in speech rate.
Cross-linguistic vowel variation in trilingual speakers of Saterland Frisian, Low German, and High German.
Findings suggest that vowels of different languages are likely to share the same phonological space when the speech communities largely overlap, but may resist convergence if at least one language is shared with a larger, monolingual speech community, as is the case with High German.
Dispersion and variability in Catalan five and six peripheral vowel systems
Results indicate that most mid vowel pairs subjected to neutralization may be characterized as near-mergers, and findings are in support of two hypotheses: vowel systems tend to be symmetrical; reparation of six vowel systems is most prone to occur if the system is unoptimal.
Acoustic variability within and across German, French, and American English vowels: phonetic context effects.
Cross-language discriminant analyses revealed varying patterns of spectral (dis)similarity across speech styles and consonantal contexts that could, in part, account for AE listeners' perception of German and French front rounded vowels, and "similar" mid-high to mid-low vowels.
Eine Kontrastive Phonetische Analyse Niederdeutscher Langvokale
Taking up anecdotal evidence, our general research aim is to investigate and to quantify the phonetic characteristics of Low German in different Northern German regions on the basis of detailed
Production of high vowels in Canadian English and Canadian French: A comparison of early bilingual and monolingual speakers
Investigation of how monolingual and early bilingual speakers of Canadian English and Canadian French produce high vowels indicated that the bilinguals formed separate categories across the two languages for similar vowels, and producedmonolingual-like values for these vowels.


On the sufficiency of compound target specification of isolated vowels and vowels in /bVb/ syllables.
For speakers of Western Canadian English coarticulatory cues appear to play at best a minor role in the perception of vowels in /bVb/ context, while vowel-inherent factors dominate listeners' perception.
Acoustic studies comparing Danish vowels, British English vowels, and Danish‐accented British English vowels
Few studies have examined the production of English vowels by native speakers of languages with vowel inventories as large as, or larger than, English. Danish is such a language, whose vowels are
Dynamic specification of coarticulated German vowels: perceptual and acoustical studies.
  • W. Strange, O. Bohn
  • Computer Science, Medicine
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1998
Two perceptual experiments investigated whether dynamic (time-varying) acoustic information about vowel gestures was critical for identification of coarticulated vowels in German, a language without diphthongization, and revealed distinct patterns for tense and lax vowels that could be used by listeners to disambiguate coartsiculated NG vowels.
Generalizability of Current Models of Vowel Duration
Abstract This paper assesses the generalizability and scope of the three main models of vowel duration: the incompressibility, multiplicative, and additive models. Combinations of vowel tensity with
This paper argues for a more structured view of the relation between the phonological feature [voice] and its specific phonetic implementations. Under the theory of universal phonetics proposed here,
Linguistic timing factors in combination.
  • R. Port
  • Physics, Medicine
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1981
This study attempts to determine the ways in which linguistic timing factors combine with each other in the production of English and specifically, to test and explore aspects of the timing model of
A cross-linguistic comparison of the effects of consonantal contexts on vowels produced by native and non-native speakers
  • 2002
Die nordfriesischen Mundarten
  • 2001
Phonological and phonetic representation
Wurdenbuk för Feer an Oomram
  • 1986