How to Object to Radically New Technologies on the Basis of Justice: The Case of Synthetic Biology

@article{Hunter2013HowTO,
  title={How to Object to Radically New Technologies on the Basis of Justice: The Case of Synthetic Biology},
  author={David Hunter},
  journal={Wiley-Blackwell: Bioethics},
  year={2013}
}
  • David Hunter
  • Published 1 October 2013
  • Philosophy
  • Wiley-Blackwell: Bioethics
A recurring objection to the exploration, development and deployment of radical new technologies is based on their implications with regards to social justice. In this article, using synthetic biology as an example, I explore this line of objection and how we ought to think about justice in the context of the development and introduction of radically new technologies. I argue that contrary to popular opinion, justice rarely provides a reason not to investigate, develop and introduce radical new… 

The Ethics of Synthetic Biology Research and Development: A Principlist Approach

TLDR
It is concluded that society has an ethical obligation to support the development of synbio research and development and not restrict this important nascent field by the imposition of stern regulation.

CRISPR Gene-Therapy: A Critical Review of Ethical Concerns and a Proposal for Public Decision-Making

CRISPR is currently viewed as the central tool for future gene therapy. Yet, many prominent scientists and bioethicists have expressed ethical concerns around CRISPR gene therapy. This paper provides

CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing – new and old ethical issues arising from a revolutionary technology

TLDR
The focus in this case will be on a consequentialistic argument against certain applications of germline and somatic editing that takes not only the potential benefits and risks but also socioeconomic issues into consideration.

Societal impact of synthetic biology: responsible research and innovation (RRI).

TLDR
The RRI model and its historical precursor strategies are introduced and based on the societal and ethical issues presented in the current literature, the challenges and opportunities of applying the R RI model for the assessment of synthetic biology are discussed.

Synthetic Biology and Ethics: Past, Present, and Future

  • M. Häyry
  • Environmental Science
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • 2017
TLDR
This article explores the ethical issues that have been identified in emerging technologies, from early genetic engineering to synthetic biology, and the cumulative effect of scientific advances and ensuing technological innovation that can change the authors' understanding of life and humanity.

Distributive Justice, Geoengineering and Risks

It is generally recognised that the potential positive and negative impacts of geoengineering will be distributed unevenly both geographically and temporally. The question of distributive justice in

Advances in Synthetic Biology

TLDR
In the present book, fourteen typical literatures about synthetic biology published on international authoritative journals were selected to introduce the worldwide newest progress, which contains reviews or original researches on biotechnology, genetic engineering, molecular biology, molecular engineering, systems biology, ect.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES

Genetic manipulation in humans as a matter of Rawlsian justice.

In the near future, advances in molecular biology, biochemistry, and ge netics will make it possible to alter the genes of human beings and de veloping human embryos in predictable and extensive

Justice and Third Party Risk: The Ethics of Xenotransplantation

The question of when it is permissible to inflict risks on others without their consent is one that we all face in our everyday lives, but which is often brought to our attention in contexts of

Xenotransplantation, consent and international justice.

The risk posed to the community by possible xenozoonosis after xenotransplantation suggests that some form of 'community consent' is required before whole organ animal-to-human xenotransplantation

Justice, Fairness, and Enhancement

  • J. Savulescu
  • Philosophy
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2006
TLDR
The article advances a new argument that justice requires enhancement, by considering four traditional definitions of enhancement, then proposing a fifth, the Welfarist definition, which is based on the example of performance enhancement in sport.

Worst case bioethics: Death, disaster, and public health

TLDR
Best Case Bioethics takes on some of the most contentious issues that fall within the ambit of bioethics, broadly considered, and underscores the need to consider seriously the implications of using worst-case scenarios in multiple domains.

FROM CHANCE TO CHOICE: GENETICS AND JUSTICE

If there is one thing we share as members of the human family it is that what and who we most basically are is a matter of chance, not choice. Our parents have gambled in the genetic lottery and the

Enhancing Evolution: The Ethical Case for Making Better People

TLDR
In Enhancing Evolution, leading bioethicist John Harris dismantles objections to genetic engineering, stem-cell research, designer babies, and cloning and makes an ethical case for biotechnology that is both forthright and rigorous.

Ethical and legal issues in xenotransplantation.

TLDR
The objective of this study is to analyse the ethical dilemmas in xenotransplantation with the background of a personal view of moral life and to consider patients rights in accordance with existing laws on organ and tissue transplantation, animal research and clinical trials.

The fable of the dragon tyrant

  • N. Bostrom
  • Political Science
    Journal of Medical Ethics
  • 2005
This paper recounts the tale of a most vicious dragon that ate thousands of people every day, and of the actions that the king, the people, and an assembly of dragonologists took with respect thereof.

Hence, as I suggested earlier it would be unfair to characterise Rawls as outcome focused. Rawls, op. cit