How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis

@article{Jalal2016HowTM,
  title={How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis},
  author={Baland Jalal},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
  year={2016},
  volume={7}
}
  • Baland Jalal
  • Published 2016
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Frontiers in Psychology
Sleep paralysis (SP) is a common state of involuntary immobility occurring at sleep onset or offset. It can include terrifying hypnogogic or hypnopompic hallucinations of menacing bedroom intruders. Unsurprisingly, the experience is associated with great fear and horror worldwide. To date, there exist no direct treatment intervention for SP. In this article, I propose for the first time a type of focused inward-attention meditation combined with muscle relaxation as a direct intervention to be… Expand
Commentary: How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis
Citation: Sharpless BA and Doghramji K (2017) Commentary: How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct TreatmentExpand
Response: Commentary: How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis
TLDR
Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis. Expand
Meditation-Relaxation (MR Therapy) for Sleep Paralysis: A Pilot Study in Patients With Narcolepsy
TLDR
Evaluated with a small-scale pilot study, the efficacy of MR therapy for SP in patients with narcolepsy resulted in a dramatic decrease in the number of days SP occurred; and the total number of SP episodes in the last month of the study (demonstrated by large within-group effect sizes); unlike the control intervention. Expand
Erratum: How to Make the Ghosts in my Bedroom Disappear? Focused-Attention Meditation Combined with Muscle Relaxation (MR Therapy)—A Direct Treatment Intervention for Sleep Paralysis
TLDR
This research presents a novel probabilistic procedure called “spot-spot analysis” that allows for real-time analysis of the response of the immune system to Epstein-Barr virus. Expand
Sleep Paralysis, “The Ghostly Bedroom Intruder” and Out-of-Body Experiences: The Role of Mirror Neurons
TLDR
It is proposed that a functional disturbance of the (right) parietal cortex may give rise to the common " bedroom intruder " hallucination seen during SP, and the vivid—and sometimes terrifying—dreams of REM sleep can spill over into emerging wakefulness. Expand
"Men Fear Most What They Cannot See." sleep paralysis "Ghost Intruders" and faceless "Shadow-People"-The role of the right hemisphere and economizing nature of vision.
TLDR
It is proposed that patients with right hemisphere damage (i.e., in implicated areas) should be less likely to hallucinate ghosts during sleep paralysis; compared to those with intact hemispheres or damage to the left only, and that temporarily disabling right hemisphere functions using transcranial magnetic stimulation should eradicate sleep paralysis ghost hallucinations. Expand
A clinician’s guide to recurrent isolated sleep paralysis
  • B. Sharpless
  • Medicine
  • Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment
  • 2016
TLDR
A growing literature base has accrued on the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical impact of this condition, and a number of assessment instruments are currently available in both self-report and interview formats. Expand
Sleep paralysis in Italy: Frequency, hallucinatory experiences, and other features
TLDR
It is found that Italians from the general population reported high lifetime rates of SP, prolonged duration of immobility during the event, and great fear of the experience, all of which were particularly elevated as compared to cultures where there are no such elaborate traditions of SP. Expand
What do we know about sleep paralysis?
Summary Introduction: Sleep paralysis (SP) is a condition that widely occurs among people all over the world. It has been known for thousands of years and is rooted in the culture of many countries.Expand
The neuropharmacology of sleep paralysis hallucinations: serotonin 2A activation and a novel therapeutic drug
TLDR
A neuropharmacological account for hallucinatory experiences triggered by serotonin, and a drug to target sleep paralysis hallucinations and fear reactions, namely the selective 5-HT2AR inverse agonist, pimavanserin are proposed. Expand
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