How the normative resistance of anarchism shaped the state monopoly on violence

  title={How the normative resistance of anarchism shaped the state monopoly on violence},
  author={Mike Newell},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  pages={1236 - 1260}
  • Mike Newell
  • Published 14 May 2019
  • Economics
  • European Journal of International Relations
Rather than an assumption of statehood, the state’s monopoly on the legitimate use of force is better understood as a normative ideal that regulates behavior, and constitutes states as the sole legitimate authority on violence. Existing literature on this norm has explored its development in response to piracy in the early to mid-1800s, but it has overlooked significant developments that occurred in response to the violence of transnational anarchist terrorism. Anarchist philosophers in the… 
2 Citations
Delegation, Sponsorship, and Autonomy: An Integrated Framework for Understanding Armed Group–State Relationships
  • Kai M. Thaler
  • Political Science
    Journal of Global Security Studies
  • 2021
What types of relationships do armed groups have with states? How do different levels of ties and power relations affect both armed group and government behavior? This article develops a spectrum
Beyond the State: Armed Groups and Social Order
This chapter deals extensively with those armed groups that set themselves at odds with established central authorities. It does so in order to argue that even these groups are fundamentally


The United States, PMSCs and the state monopoly on violence: Leading the way towards norm change
The proliferation of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in Iraq and Afghanistan has raised many questions regarding the use of armed force by private contractors. This article addresses
Before Jihadists There Were Anarchists: A Failed Case of Transnational Violence
With the wave of violent jihadist activities in recent years, the world's attention has shifted away from a traditional prioritizing of state forms of formal violence toward one focusing on an
The Pre-1914 Anarchist “Lone Wolf” Terrorist and Governmental Responses
After discussing the extent to which the period from 1878–1934, with its frequent incidents of anarchist assassinations and bombings, can be considered the classic age of “lone wolf” or leaderless
The International Campaign Against Anarchist Terrorism, 1880–1930s
This essay presents a short overview of the “classic” era of anarchist terrorism between 1880 and World War I, while concentrating on an analysis of the little-known efforts by diplomats,
Systems for Peace or Causes of War?: Collective Security, Arms Control, and the New Europe
commitments are honored, the system inevitably turns small conflicts into big ones, by requiring states to get involved when it is not in their interest to do so. This was the main reason that
How Does Violence Threaten the State? Four Narratives on Piracy
Violence characterized by similar actions, actor motivations, group structures, or level of damage still poses qualitatively distinct genera of threats to states. For instance, “terrorism” can
The Anarchist and the Partisan—Two Types of Terror in the History of Irregular Warfare
This article deals with the anarchist and the partisan as forerunners of contemporary terrorism. It investigates their different relationship to the state, the anarchist trying to replace it and the
The Spread of Security Communities: Communities of Practice, Self-Restraint, and NATO's Post—Cold War Transformation
This article invokes a combination of analytical and normative arguments that highlight the leading role of practices in explaining the expansion of security communities. The analytical argument is
What made the modern world hang together: socialisation or stigmatisation?
Contrary to what is often assumed, norm-internalisation does not always lead to compliance. Normative judgements may be simultaneously internalised and outwardly rejected. Non-compliance is at times
The United States, International Policing and the War against Anarchist Terrorism, 1900-1914
In 1901 the anarchist assassination of President McKinley aroused tremendous anger throughout the United States and was the catalyst for diplomatic efforts to coordinate transatlantic measures