How the Time of Day Affects Productivity: Evidence from School Schedules

  title={How the Time of Day Affects Productivity: Evidence from School Schedules},
  author={Nolan G. Pope},
  journal={Review of Economics and Statistics},
  • N. Pope
  • Published 1 March 2016
  • Education
  • Review of Economics and Statistics
Abstract Increasing the efficiency of the school system is a primary focus of policymakers. I analyze how the time of day affects students’ productivity and if efficiency gains can be obtained by rearranging the order of tasks they perform throughout the school day. Using a panel data set of nearly 2 million sixth- through eleventh-grade students in Los Angeles County, I perform within-teacher, class type, and student estimation of the time-of-day effect on students’ learning as measured by GPA… 
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