How the Pernkopf controversy facilitated a historical and ethical analysis of the anatomical sciences in Austria and Germany: A recommendation for the continued use of the Pernkopf atlas

@article{Hildebrandt2006HowTP,
  title={How the Pernkopf controversy facilitated a historical and ethical analysis of the anatomical sciences in Austria and Germany: A recommendation for the continued use of the Pernkopf atlas},
  author={S. Hildebrandt},
  journal={Clinical Anatomy},
  year={2006},
  volume={19}
}
Eduard Pernkopf's Topographical Anatomy of Man has been a widely used standard work of anatomy for over sixty years. [...] Key Result A public discussion about the further use of the book followed and led to the creation of the Senatorial Project of the University of Vienna in 1997. This historical research project confirmed the strong NS affiliation of Pernkopf and revealed the delivery of at least 1,377 bodies of executed persons to the Anatomical Institute of Vienna during the NS time.Expand

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Students' opinion towards the Pernkopf atlas: are the Italian students ready to know the history?
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The Munich Anatomical Institute under National Socialism. First results and prospective tasks of an ongoing research project.
TLDR
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The devil is in the details: developing a modern methodology for detailed medical illustrations
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References

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TLDR
A biography of Pernkopf, his association with Nazism, the emergence of his atlas, and the way Austrians deal with the mortal remains of humans since 1945, were included in the study. Expand
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Although the diabolical experiments of Nazi physicians on live prisoners are well known to most people, the anatomic sciences also experienced a less publicized, but equally troubling, period connected to the acquisition of cadavers for dissection. Expand
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TLDR
One legacy of that tragic era endures today through the continued publication of a critically acclaimed atlas, Pernkopf Anatomy, named after the anatomist Professor Eduard PernKopf of the University of Vienna, which contains more than 800 detailed paintings of dissections. Expand
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TLDR
The present contribution is an attempt to initiate a more detailed study of all German departments of anatomy during the Hitler regime and to generate a public discussion among the younger generation of German anatomists. Expand
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TLDR
Anatomist Eduard Pernkopf was appointed dean of the Vienna Medical School faculty within days of the Nazi takeover of Austria and promised to focus all the intellectual power of the venerable institution on the single most pressing scientific concern of the new Reich—the problem of race. Expand
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TLDR
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Origins of the Pernkopf anatomy atlas.
To the Editor. —I feel somewhat responsible for resurrecting the issue of Dr Eduard Pernkopf, dean of the medical faculty of the University of Vienna in 1938, since I first called public attention toExpand
Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: The Pernkopf Atlas-Reply
TLDR
The issues raised in these letters are taken very seriously and support the recommendation from Drs Israel and Seidelman for an expert inquiry into the Pernkopf anatomy atlas. Expand
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TLDR
Anatomical science played a minor role in Vienna for centuries until Gerard van Swieten, in the 18th century, recognized the importance of anatomy for medical education and established a second department of anatomy. Expand
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