How specific is a deficit of executive functioning for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?

  title={How specific is a deficit of executive functioning for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?},
  author={Joseph A. Sergeant and Hilde M. Geurts and Jaap Oosterlaan},
  journal={Behavioural Brain Research},

How specific are executive functioning deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism?

It is indicated that children with HFA exhibit more generalised and profound problems with EF tasks compared to children with ADHD.

Selective Attention Deficits in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The definition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has undergone a major transition from the time it was discovered to the present date. As previously discussed, ADHD is a disorder

Executive and intellectual functions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbidity

Design Fluency in Children with ADHD and Comorbid Disorders

It is suggested that comorbidities have an additive impact on the cognitive profile of children with ADHD, and design fluency may be a sensitive measure for capturing the subtle cognitive deficits that are likely to be involved in these disorders.

Differences in Executive Functioning in Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The results showed that participants with ADHD, compared to children with typical development (TD), exhibited a smaller verbal memory span as well as deficits in the attentional shifting and updating functions.

Specificity of basic information processing and inhibitory control in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

The findings challenge the IB-EF hypothesis for ADHD and underscore the importance of processing efficiency as the key specific mechanism for ADHD pathophysiology.

Heterogeneity of executive functions among comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders

The results highlight the heterogeneity of current diagnostic groups and identify an “impaired” EF group, consisting of children with both ASD and ADHD, which could specifically be targeted for EF intervention.



Executive functions and developmental psychopathology.

It is revealed that EF deficits are consistently found in both ADHD and autism but not in CD (without ADHD) or in TS, and both the severity and profile of EF deficits appears to differ across ADHD and Autism.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and executive dysfunction

To evaluate the relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and executive functioning (EF) a sample of ADHD children (N = 48) with above average IQs (median = 117.5) was

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and hyperkinetic disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the frontal lobe syndrome

Use of a Verbal Fluency Measure in Understanding and Evaluating Adhd as an Executive Function Disorder

Findings lend support to the hypothesis that frontal lobe dysfunction is involved in attentional process disorders and suggests the potential clinical usefulness in the diagnostic screening of ADHD children of a simply administered measure amenable to interpretation of frontal lobe function.

Toward defining a neuropsychology of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder: performance of children and adolescents from a large clinically referred sample.

Younger and older probands with ADHD were significantly impaired on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the Stroop test, and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, regardless of various psychiatric and cognitive comorbidities.

Frontal systems dysfunction in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities.

  • J. LazarY. Frank
  • Psychology
    The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences
  • 1998
The groups differed significantly on some tests of attention-inhibition-cueing, working memory, and problem solving, with the ADHD + LD and LD groups performing worse than the ADHD-only group.

Performance of children with ADHD on tests sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction.

The hypothesis that disturbances in frontal lobe function related to impulse control may be responsible for the cognitive impairments observed in ADHD was not supported andability to control and direct attention appears to be more central to the pathophysiology of this disorder.

Is ADHD a disinhibitory disorder?

  • J. Nigg
  • Psychology, Biology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2001
It is argued that ADHD is unlikely to be due to a motivational inhibitory control deficit, although suggestions are made for additional studies that could overturn that conclusion.