How simple rules determine pedestrian behavior and crowd disasters.

  title={How simple rules determine pedestrian behavior and crowd disasters.},
  author={Mehdi Moussa{\"i}d and Dirk Helbing and Guy Theraulaz},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={108 17},
With the increasing size and frequency of mass events, the study of crowd disasters and the simulation of pedestrian flows have become important research areas. However, even successful modeling approaches such as those inspired by Newtonian force models are still not fully consistent with empirical observations and are sometimes hard to calibrate. Here, a cognitive science approach is proposed, which is based on behavioral heuristics. We suggest that, guided by visual information, namely the… CONTINUE READING
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