• Corpus ID: 56110795

How robust is the evidence on the e ects of college quality ? Evidence from matching

  title={How robust is the evidence on the e ects of college quality ? Evidence from matching},
  author={Dan A. Blacka and Anthony M. A. Smithb},
We estimate the e ects of college quality using propensity score matching methods and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort. Matching allows us to relax the linear functional form assumption implicit in regression-based estimates. We also examine the support problem by determining whether there are individuals attending low-quality colleges similar to those attending high-quality colleges, and 4nd that the support condition holds only weakly. Thus, the linear functional form… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Returns to College Choice: Loans, Scholarships and Labor Outcomes
To estimate causal eff ects of college choice, we exploit eligibility rules for student loans in a regression discontinuity design. Loan programs induce students to pursue college degrees that are
Estimation of Treatment E ¤ ects Without an Exclusion Restriction : with an Application to the Analysis of the School Breakfast Program
While the rise in childhood obesity is clear, the policy rami…cations are not. School nutrition programs such as the School Breakfast Program (SBP) have come under much scrutiny. However, the lack of
"The Returns to Attending a Prestigious Law School." Working Paper, 2009.
We measure the returns to attending a highly ranked law school using the “After the JD” survey of lawyers …rst passing the Bar Exam in 2000. In 2002 and 2007, those lawyers that went to top 10 law
Nonparametric Partial Identi cation of Causal Net and Mechanism Average Treatment E ¤ ects
When analyzing the causal e¤ect of a treatment on an outcome it is important to understand the mechanisms or channels through which the treatment works. In this paper we study net and mechanism
Evaluating Nonexperimental Estimators for Multiple Treatments: Evidence from Experimental Data
This paper assesses the effectiveness of unconfoundedness-based estimators of mean effects for multiple or multivalued treatments in eliminating biases arising from nonrandom treatment assignment. We
Estimation of Treatment Effects Without an Exclusion Restriction with an Application to the Analysis of the School Breakfast Program
Consistent evidence of a beneficial causal effect of SBP participation on childhood obesity when applying estimators designed to circumvent selection on unobservables is found.
The Elephant in the Corner: A Cautionary Tale About Measurement Error in Treatment Effects Models
Researchers in economics and other disciplines are often interested in the causal effect of a binary treatment on outcomes. Econometric methods used to estimate such effects are divided into one of
Unconditional Quantile Treatment Effects Under Endogeneity
This article develops estimators for unconditional quantile treatment effects when the treatment selection is endogenous. We use an instrumental variable (IV) to solve for the endogeneity of the
Information and the Decision to Attend College: Evidence from the Texas GO Center Project
Some students who would bene…t from college may choose not to attend if they are unaware of all costs and bene…ts involved. In this case, publically provided information may induce personally optimal
Welcome to the Club: The Returns to an Elite Degree for American Lawyers
Competition for seats in elite U.S. graduate school programs has intensified dramatically over the past 40 years. In this paper, we study the market for young attorneys to illuminate the role that


Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: an Application of Selection on Observables and Unobservables
There are many estimates of the effect of college quality on students' subsequent earnings. One difficulty interpreting past estimates, however, is that elite colleges admit students, in part, based
College Quality and the Wages of Young Men
Using the rich data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we show that several dimensions of college quality have substantial positive impacts on young men's wages. This finding is robust
Determinants of College Completion.
It is found that students of all ability levels have higher chances of graduating if the quality level of their college "matches" their observed skill level.
Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme
This paper considers whether it is possible to devise a nonexperimental procedure for evaluating a prototypical job training programme. Using rich nonexperimental data, we examine the performance of
Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator
This paper develops the method of matching as an econometric evaluation estimator. A rigorous distribution theory for kernel-based matching is presented. The method of matching is extended to more
Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data
Semiparametric econometric methods are applied to estimate the form of selection bias that arises from using nonexperimental comparison groups to evaluate social programs and to test the identifying assumptions that justify three widely-used classes of estimators.
Are Returns to Schooling Concentrated Among the Most Able? A Semiparametric Analysis of the Ability–earnings Relationships
In this paper, I explore the ability-earnings relationships semiparametrically. I find evidence of nonlinearities in these relationships which vary across levels of schooling, and argue that
Alternative Methods For Evaluating the Impact of Interventions: An Overview Excerpt from the Journal of Econometrics, 1985
This paper presents methods for estimating the impact of training on earnings when non-random selection characterizes the enrollment of persons into training. We explore the benefits of
The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences
Many attempts to measure the wage effects of current labor market discrimination against minorities include controls for worker productivity that (1) could themselves be affected by market
Finite-Sample Properties of Propensity-Score Matching and Weighting Estimators
The finite-sample properties of matching and weighting estimators, often used for estimating average treatment effects, are analyzed. Potential and feasible precision gains relative to pair matching