How often are angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations raised during chronic ACE inhibitor treatment in cardiac failure?

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Angiotensin II (AII) and aldosterone are not always fully suppressed during chronic angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment. In congestive heart failure (CHF) such failure of hormonal suppression is associated with increased mortality. This study examined how common AII and aldosterone increases are observed during routine clinical… (More)

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@article{Macfadyen1999HowOA, title={How often are angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations raised during chronic ACE inhibitor treatment in cardiac failure?}, author={R J Macfadyen and A. F. Lee and John Morton and Stuart D Pringle and A. D. Struthers}, journal={Heart}, year={1999}, volume={82 1}, pages={57-61} }