How many birds are there in a city of half a million people

  title={How many birds are there in a city of half a million people},
  author={Richard A. Fuller and Jamie A. Tratalos and Kevin J. Gaston},
  journal={Diversity and Distributions},
Aim Urban environments are often characterized as supporting a few abundant, generalist species best adapted to living alongside humans, and as such, cities are seen as agents of biotic homogenization. However, there are surprisingly few descriptions of biological populations found in cities. Here, we provide the first complete citywide population estimates of birds for any UK city, and examine the conservation status of the assemblage in comparison with the country’s avifauna at large… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

How Many Butterflies Are There in a City of Circa Half a Million People
Urbanization poses severe threats to biodiversity; thus, there is an urge to understand urban areas and their biological, physical, and social components if we aim to integrate sustainable practicesExpand
Winter Bird Assemblages in Rural and Urban Environments: A National Survey
It is concluded that differences between rural and urban areas in terms of winter conditions and the availability of resources are reflected in different bird communities in the two environments. Expand
Avian Ecology in Latin American Cityscapes
Following a massive migration toward cities, more than half of the total human population is now urban. Given the unbalanced metabolism of urban systems, urbanization has been recognized to be aExpand
Urban birds in the Sonoran Desert: estimating population density from point counts
We conducted bird surveys in Hermosillo, Sonora using distance sampling to characterize detection functions at point-transects for native and non-native urban birds in a desert environment. FromExpand
Counting Birds in Urban Areas: A Review of Methods for the Estimation of Abundance
Counts of birds can inform studies with different goals, such as estimating population size, monitoring populations over time and in response to environmental change, and estimating vital rates toExpand
Comparison of population densities of selected bird species breeding in main urban habitats in southwestern Poland
Department of Vertebrate Ecology, Wrocław University of Environmental & Life Sciences, ul. Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland A simplified version of the territory mapping method was used. FourExpand
Urban Ecology: Urbanisation and alien invasion
The concentration of the human population has resulted in an increase in traffic and transport of food, raw materials etc., and growing needs for open space recreation activities such as gardening and walking, therefore there is the concentration of intentional introductions of plant and animal species into cities. Expand
Avian Urban Ecology: Conservation Planning Opportunities for Reno, NV, USA
The study of urban ecology has grown significantly over the years, resulting in an increased understanding of how human-designed landscapes fit into the larger landscape, and how this impacts local,Expand
Urban core areas are important for species conservation: A European-level analysis of breeding bird species
Abstract Natural habitats and species richness have decreased due to the urbanization. The main aim of this study was to determine whether heavily urbanized town centers can also harbor threatenedExpand
Fine‐scale heterogeneity across Manhattan's urban habitat mosaic is associated with variation in ant composition and richness
It is suggested that fine‐scale heterogeneity in the chronic stress of urban habitats may be an underappreciated, but important structuring force for urban animal communities. Expand


A citywide breeding bird survey for Washington, D.C.
‘DC Birdscape’ was initiated in 1993 to systematically count the birds occurring throughout Washington, D.C. during the breeding season. It involved a coordinated planning effort and partnershipExpand
Bird abundance and diversity along an urban-rural gradient : A comparative study between two cities on different continents
We compared the avifauna in two cities, Quebec (Canada) and Rennes (France), in order to define general responses of wildlife in an urban ecosystem. These cities have a similar urban structure thatExpand
The flora of German cities is naturally species rich
It is shown by resampling the number of geological types per grid cell that cities are not randomly distributed but are in fact in areas of high geological diversity, which concludes that city areas are preferentially located in pre-existing biodiversity hotspots. Expand
Are urban bird communities influenced by the bird diversity of adjacent landscapes
Summary 1 The species diversity of adjacent landscapes influences the conservation or restoration of several animal groups in urban areas, but the effect on birds is unclear. To address thisExpand
Carabid beetle assemblages along urban to rural gradients: a review.
Abstract Urbanisation causes similar landscape patterns across the world; cities are characterised by a densely populated and highly disturbed urban core, a less disturbed suburban zone and a leastExpand
Birds breeding in British gardens: an underestimated population?
The number of birds nesting in built-up areas is substantially higher than previously estimated for 13 of the 21 species, and for some of the commonest British birds this has led in the past to significant underestimation of the total British population. Expand
Conservation where people live and work
Effective conservation planning requires information from well-designed studies across a spectrum of land uses, ranging from wildlands to highly modified production landscapes and large cities. ThereExpand
Trends in the use of private gardens by wild birds in Great Britain 1995–2002
Summary 1 Wild birds are commonly observed in private residential gardens in Great Britain. However, little is known about how their use of this significant and increasingly important habitat isExpand
Urban domestic gardens (XI): variation in urban wildlife gardening in the United Kingdom
Two consequences of the continued urbanisation of the human population are that a growing proportion of the landscape is less hospitable to, and that a growing proportion of people are disconnectedExpand
Plant richness patterns in agricultural and urban landscapes in Central Germany—spatial gradients of species richness
Urban areas are generally inhabited by greater numbers of plant species than rural areas of the same size. Though this phenomenon is well documented, scientists seem to be drawn to opposing viewsExpand