How irritant is alcohol?

  title={How irritant is alcohol?},
  author={Harald L{\"o}ffler and Guenter Kampf and Daniel Schmermund and Howard Ira Maibach},
  journal={The British journal of dermatology},
  volume={157 1},
BACKGROUND Alcohol-based hand rubs are used worldwide to prevent transmission of nosocomial pathogens. OBJECTIVES To investigate skin irritation caused by alcohols alone and in combination with detergent washing. METHODS Single and repetitive patch testing with 60-100% alcohols [ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol (synonyms: isopropyl alcohol, isopropanol)], a positive control [0.5% sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS)] and negative controls (empty chamber and water) were performed. Wash tests were… CONTINUE READING
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