How intoxicated are drivers in the United States? Estimating the extent, risks and costs per kilometer of driving by blood alcohol level.

@article{Miller1999HowIA,
  title={How intoxicated are drivers in the United States? Estimating the extent, risks and costs per kilometer of driving by blood alcohol level.},
  author={Ted R Miller and Rebecca S. Spicer and David T Levy},
  journal={Accident; analysis and prevention},
  year={1999},
  volume={31 5},
  pages={515-23}
}
This study develops and applies an algorithm with international applicability for estimating vehicle kilometers (kms) driven by blood alcohol level (BAL) from police crash report data. In the United States, an estimated one in 120 kms was driven with BAL > or = 0.10% in 1992-1993. The ratio increased to 1 in 7 kms driven on weekend evenings. The estimated cost per vehicle km driven with BAL > or = 0.08% was $3.40 compared to $0.07 per sober km. Males, those age 21-29 and those driving between… CONTINUE READING

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