How fast are the oceans warming?

  title={How fast are the oceans warming?},
  author={Lijing Cheng and John P. Abraham and Zeke Hausfather and Kevin E. Trenberth},
  pages={128 - 129}
Observational records of ocean heat content show that ocean warming is accelerating Climate change from human activities mainly results from the energy imbalance in Earth's climate system caused by rising concentrations of heat-trapping gases. About 93% of the energy imbalance accumulates in the ocean as increased ocean heat content (OHC). The ocean record of this imbalance is much less affected by internal variability and is thus better suited for detecting and attributing human influences (1… Expand
Projected ocean warming constrained by the ocean observational record
The ocean absorbs most of the excess heat from anthropogenic climate change, causing global ocean warming and sea-level rise with a series of consequences for human society and marine ecosystems.Expand
Observations of planetary heating since the 1980s from multiple independent datasets
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Measuring Global Ocean Heat Content to Estimate the Earth Energy Imbalance
The energy radiated by the Earth towards space does not compensate the incoming radiation from the Sun leading to a small positive energy imbalance at the top of the atmosphere (0.4-1.Wm-2). ThisExpand
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Heat stored in the Earth system: where does the energy go?
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Heat stored in the Earth system: Where does the energy go? The GCOS Earth heat inventory team
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Multidecadal Warming and Density Loss in the Deep Weddell Sea, Antarctica
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Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content
[1] The elusive nature of the post-2004 upper ocean warming has exposed uncertainties in the ocean's role in the Earth's energy budget and transient climate sensitivity. Here we present the timeExpand
Improved estimates of upper-ocean warming and multi-decadal sea-level rise
Improved estimates of near-global ocean heat content and thermal expansion for the upper 300 m and 700’m of the ocean for 1950–2003 are reported, using statistical techniques that allow for sparse data coverage and applying recent corrections to reduce systematic biases in the most common ocean temperature observations. Expand
Improved estimates of ocean heat content from 1960 to 2015
The inferred integrated EEI is greater than that reported in previous assessments and is consistent with a reconstruction of the radiative imbalance at the top of atmosphere starting in 1985, and OHC changes in six major oceans are reliable on decadal time scales. Expand
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An independent estimate based on atmospheric O2 and CO2 measurements suggests that ocean warming is at the high end of previous estimates, with implications for policy-relevant measurements of the Earth response to climate change, such as climate sensitivity to greenhouse gases and the thermal component of sea-level rise. Expand
Hurricane Harvey Links to Ocean Heat Content and Climate Change Adaptation
While hurricanes occur naturally, human-caused climate change is supercharging them and exacerbating the risk of major damage. Here using ocean and atmosphere observations, we demonstrate linksExpand
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The evolution of ocean temperature measurement systems is presented with a focus on the development and accuracy of two critical devices in use today (expendable bathythermographs andExpand
Sensitivity of Global Upper-Ocean Heat Content Estimates to Mapping Methods, XBT Bias Corrections, and Baseline Climatologies*
AbstractOcean warming accounts for the majority of the earth’s recent energy imbalance. Historic ocean heat content (OHC) changes are important for understanding changing climate. Calculations of OHCExpand
World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0–2000 m), 1955–2010
[1] We provide updated estimates of the change of ocean heat content and the thermosteric component of sea level change of the 0–700 and 0–2000 m layers of the World Ocean for 1955–2010. OurExpand
Quantifying underestimates of long-term upper-ocean warming
The ocean stores over 90% of the heat due to anthropogenic warming. This study uses satellite observations and climate models to investigate the warming of the upper ocean (0–700 m) and finds thatExpand
The changing character of precipitation
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