How far has parental alienation research progressed toward achieving scientific validity?

  title={How far has parental alienation research progressed toward achieving scientific validity?},
  author={Madelyn Simring Milchman},
  journal={Journal of Child Custody},
  pages={115 - 139}
Abstract This article analyzes the evidence for parental alienation (PA) through the lens of construct validity. It defines PA as a theoretical construct. It explains why construct validity is needed to identify PA and reliably differentiate it from other causes of parent rejection. It discusses validity problems in using case examples to support PA and then focuses on empirical research. It makes recommendations for future research. Finally, it proposes a way to present evidence about PA in… Expand
7 Citations
Concepts, Controversies And Conundrums Of “Alienation:” Lessons Learned In A Decade And Reflections On Challenges Ahead
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Empirical research on parental alienation: A descriptive literature review
Abstract Scientific literature has pointed to a growing body of empirical studies that contribute to an accurate mapping of parental alienation. This descriptive literature review of empiricalExpand
Rejecting the idea of rejection as a measure of parental alienation: Comment on Bernet, Gregory, and Rohner, and Reay (2020)
Bernet, Gregory, Rohner, and Reay (2020) proposed that an assessment of children’s beliefs about whether a parent accepted or rejected the children would help identify the children as showing “pare...


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Abstract This commentary suggests that research on shared parenting is moving along a trajectory for politically embedded science from Stage 1 oversimplified polemics to Stage 2 responsiveness toExpand
Does DSM-IV Have Equivalents for the Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) Diagnosis?
Child custody evaluators commonly find themselves confronted with resistance when they attempt to use the term parental alienation syndrome (PAS) in courts of law. Although convinced that the patientExpand
Is It Alienating Parenting, Role Reversal or Child Abuse? A Study of Children's Rejection of a Parent in Child Custody Disputes
SUMMARY This study of custody disputing families tests competing hypothesis about the correlates of children's alignment with one parent and rejection of the other. Hypotheses include: (a) parentalExpand
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Assessment of the usefulness of the Parental Acceptance–Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) in identifying and quantifying the degree of splitting showed that severely alienated children engaged in a high level of splitting, by perceiving the preferred parent inextremely positive terms and the rejected parent in extremely negative terms. Expand
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ABSTRACT This article analyzes 24 New York (NY) published child custody cases decided between 2001 and 2017 that contained parental alienation and child sexual allegations. It addresses whether thereExpand
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The subjects of this study were 40 consecutive children in a child therapy and evaluation agency, half of whom were seen for reunification therapy and half for other reasons related to parent–childExpand
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Parental alienation behaviors are defined as parental acts and attitudes that create pressure in the child to reject his or her other parent. Two strands of research are reviewed that supportExpand
Perceived Parental Acceptance‐Rejection and Psychological Adjustment: A Meta‐Analysis of Cross‐Cultural and Intracultural Studies
Meta-analytic procedures were used to pool information from 43 studies worldwide to test one of the major postulates of parental acceptance-rejection theory (PARTheory). Specifically, using child andExpand