How effective were mangroves as a defence against the recent tsunami?

@article{DahdouhGuebas2005HowEW,
  title={How effective were mangroves as a defence against the recent tsunami?},
  author={F. Dahdouh-Guebas and L. P. Jayatissa and D. Nitto and J. Bosire and D. L. Seen and N. Koedam},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2005},
  volume={15},
  pages={R443-R447}
}
Whether or not mangroves function as buffers against tsunamis is the subject of in-depth research, the importance of which has been neglected or underestimated before the recent killer tsunami struck. Our preliminary post-tsunami surveys of Sri Lankan mangrove sites with different degrees of degradation indicate that human activity exacerbated the damage inflicted on the coastal zone by the tsunami. 

Figures from this paper

A World Without Mangroves?
At a meeting of world mangrove experts held last year in Australia, it was unanimously agreed that we face the prospect of a world deprived of the services offered by mangrove ecosystems, perhapsExpand
Natural barriers to natural disasters: replanting mangroves after the tsunami
The Indian Ocean tsunami disaster of December 2004 has increased interest in replanting degraded and deforested mangrove areas in Asia to improve coastal protection. Evidence from Thailand suggestsExpand
Coastal Vegetation and the Asian Tsunami
TLDR
The barrier function of coastal vegetation during the recent tsunami disaster has been highlighted and the results of F. Danielsen et al. confirm assumptions made earlier by Pearce. Expand
Mangroves mitigate tsunami damage: A further response
Abstract This is a contribution to the discussion on the potential mitigating effect of mangroves to tsunami damage. Kathiresan and Rajendran (2005) were criticised by Kerr et al. (2006). WeExpand
Buffering functions of mangroves in the 2004 tsunami
TLDR
Positive linear relationships are observed suggesting a loss of mangrove resulted into a gain of barren and sand land cover as a result of a devastating impact from the 2004 tsunami event. Expand
Damage to Mangrove Forest by 2004 Tsunami at Pakarang Cape and Namkem, Thailand
We investigated damage to mangroves from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami at Pakarang Cape and Namkem, Thailand. Visual inspection of remotely sensed images revealed that 12 and 20 ha of mangroveExpand
The protective service of mangrove ecosystems: A review of valuation methods.
  • E. Barbier
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2016
TLDR
This paper reviews recent methods of valuing the storm protection service of mangroves and their role in protecting coastal areas and communities of tropical developing countries. Expand
Post-Tsunami Assessment of Coastal Vegetation, with the View to Protect Coastal Areas from Ocean Surges in Sri Lanka
The magnitude and impacts of tsunamis and ocean surges are unpredictable. Careful examination of these events and their consequences provide an insight towards natural protection against theseExpand
The role of mangroves in disaster mitigation: a review
The aim of this chapter is to study the role played by mangrove ecosystems in minimising the impact of disasters like tsunamis, floods and cyclones. A comparison of the studies concerning effectiveExpand
The importance of mangrove forest in tsunami disaster mitigation.
TLDR
The emerging scenario facing mangrove forests is examined, protection from tsunamis is discussed, and a way to improve the current situation is proposed to secure optimal socio-economic, ecological and environmental benefits. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Restoration and management of mangrove systems – A lesson for and from the East African region
The restoration of mangroves has received a lot of attention world wide for several reasons. Firstly, the long ignored ecological and environmental values of mangrove forests have been documented forExpand
People and mangroves in the Philippines: fifty years of coastal environmental change
Historical research has enhanced understanding of past human influences on forests and provides insights that can improve current conservation efforts. This paper presents one of the first detailedExpand
A Race to Beat the Odds
SOUTH ASIA TSUNAMIKALMUNAI, SRI LANKA-- The tsunami ravaged settlements along the coast of Sri Lanka, but aid workers have been successful so far in preventing a mass disease outbreak.
Human-impacted mangroves in Gazi (Kenya): predicting future vegetation based on retrospective remote sensing, social surveys, and tree distribution
Gazi Bay, Kenya, covers an area of 18 km 2 , and its mangroves are degraded. We present a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the degradation of vegetation structure and dynamics of mangroveExpand
Regeneration Status of Mangrove Forests in Mida Creek, Kenya: A Compromised or Secured Future?
TLDR
It is shown that unmanaged but exploited mangroves do not necessarily disappear, but change qualitatively from locally preferred R. mucronata to the less preferred C. tagal, and the economical function of the mangrove has evidently weakened. Expand
Transitions in Ancient Inland Freshwater Resource Management in Sri Lanka Affect Biota and Human Populations in and around Coastal Lagoons
TLDR
It is reported that changes to the historic system of inland freshwater management have increased dramatically in recent times and have resulted in a qualitative ecological and socioeconomic degradation in three coastal lagoons in southern Sri Lanka. Expand
Present state and future of the world's mangrove forests
  • D. Alongi
  • Geography
  • Environmental Conservation
  • 2002
Mangroves, the only woody halophytes living at the confluence of land and sea, have been heavily used traditionally for food, timber, fuel and medicine, and presently occupy about 181 000 km2 ofExpand
Local Management of Mangrove Forests in the Philippines: Successful Conservation or Efficient Resource Exploitation?
Recent environmental “narratives” suggest that local people are effective stewards of forest resources. Local restoration and management of mangrove forests, in particular, are now widely advocatedExpand
A review of the floral composition and distribution of mangroves in Sri Lanka
TLDR
The study indicates that there are at present 20 identified mangrove species and at least 18 ‘mangrove associates’ along the south-western coast of the island, and addresses the importance of clearly defining these terms. Expand
Coastal erosion and habitat loss along the Godavari delta front - a fallout of dam construction(?)
Analysis of multi-date satellite sensor data and maps indicated loss of 1836 ha of land during 1976–2001 along the Godavari deltaic coast resulting in displac ement of coastal communities andExpand
...
1
2
3
...