A prospective, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy of paracervical block in the pain relief during egg collection in IVF.
Although the conventional method of pain relief during outpatient oocyte recovery involves physician-administered drugs, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) offers an alternative technique with the potential to give women more control over peroperative analgesia. We conducted a prospective randomized study to compare the effect of fentanyl administered either through a PCA delivery system or by a physician. Thirty-nine women were randomized to PCA during egg collection while 42 were allocated to receive intermittent doses administered by a physician. Pain was evaluated by means of a 100 mm linear analogue scale. The mean (SD) pain score in the PCA group was 38.5 (19.8) while in the other group it was 46.1 (21.3) (P = 0.1). In the PCA group, 64% of women felt very satisfied with their analgesia as compared with 57% in the non-PCA group (P = 0.6). Among the PCA users, 39% of demands were successful. Significantly more fentanyl (97.5 microg) was used in the PCA group than in the other group (84.6 microg) (P = 0.03). Though intraoperative PCA with fentanyl is an effective alternative to physician-administered techniques, many women still feel the need for more analgesia during the procedure.