How does dominance rank status affect individual and social learning performance in the dog (Canis familiaris)?

@article{Pongrcz2007HowDD,
  title={How does dominance rank status affect individual and social learning performance in the dog (Canis familiaris)?},
  author={P{\'e}ter Pongr{\'a}cz and Viktor Vida and Petra B{\'a}nhegyi and {\'A}d{\'a}m Mikl{\'o}si},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
  year={2007},
  volume={11},
  pages={75-82}
}
Dogs can learn effectively to detour around a V-shaped fence after observing a demonstration from either an unfamiliar human or dog demonstrator. We found earlier that there is substantial individual variation between the dogs’ performance, even when using the same experimental conditions. Here, we investigate if the subjects’ relative dominance rank with other dogs had an effect on their social learning performance. On the basis of the owners’ answers to a questionnaire, subjects from multi… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Grumpy Dogs Are Smart Learners—The Association between Dog–Owner Relationship and Dogs’ Performance in a Social Learning Task
TLDR
The results indicate that dog–human relationship has an integral role in the complex social behaviour of dogs, which warrants for the need of further empirical testing of the associations between social dynamics in dogs and their relationship with humans, including problem behaviours.
Simple Mechanisms Can Explain Social Learning in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Recent studies have suggested that domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) engage in highly complex forms of social learning. Here, we critically assess the potential mechanisms underlying social learning
Dog rivalry impacts following behavior in a decision-making task involving food
TLDR
Dogs living together in two-dog households were tested on whether individual dogs’ rivalry scores were associated with performance on a local enhancement task and whether dog rivalry impacted whether an observer dog would approach a plate from which a demonstrator dog had eaten all available food.
Social learning from conspecifics and humans in dog puppies
TLDR
It is found that social learning skills are present in 8 weeks old puppies and they remembered this experience for 1 hour, thereby endorsing dogs’ flexibility in learning from different social partners.
Effects of the Dog-Human Relationship on Problem-Solving Strategies in the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris)
Dogs (Canis familiaris) are strongly responsive to human influence in general, and they also readily form preferences for specific humans, yet these lines of inquiry have not often been combined. The
Horses fail to use social learning when solving spatial detour tasks
TLDR
It is concluded that horses exposed to prior demonstration did not perform better than control horses in solving spatial detour tasks and was unable to repeat this result in a similar set up with a new group of horses and older, dominant demonstrator horses.
My owner, right or wrong: the effect of familiarity on the domestic dog’s behavior in a food-choice task
TLDR
The results suggest that dogs make decisions by attending preferentially to social signals from humans with whom they have become familiar, as compared to owners to strangers in a single food-choice situation.
The effects of age, rank and neophobia on social learning in horses
TLDR
It is argued that horses show social learning in the context of their social ecology and that research procedures must take such contexts into account and found that young, low-ranking and more exploratory horses learned by observing older members of their own group, and the older the horse, the more slowly it appeared to learn.
Social Learning in Dogs
Abstract Social learning is considered one of the most adaptive ways to gain information about several aspects of survival, such as avoiding predators and poisonous plants, solving problems, and
How do owners perceive dominance in dogs
Dominance is a well-established phenomenon in ethology, however the dog-owning public often misuses the term. A questionnaire study was launched to investigate the validity of owner-derived estimates
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Social learning in dogs: the effect of a human demonstrator on the performance of dogs in a detour task
We recorded the behaviour of dogs in detour tests, in which an object (a favourite toy) or food was placed behind a V-shaped fence. Dogs were able to master this task; however, they did it more
The pet dogs ability for learning from a human demonstrator in a detour task is independent from the breed and age
There are many indications and much practical knowledge about the different tasks which various breeds of dogs are selected for. Correspondingly these different breeds are known to possess different
Preference for copying unambiguous demonstrations in dogs (Canis familiaris).
TLDR
It is found that dogs' trial-and-error experience influences strongly the direction of the dogs' detours later, even if the demonstrator showed detours along the opposite side of the fence.
Interaction between individual experience and social learning in dogs
We investigated the interaction between individual experience and social learning in domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. We conducted two experiments using detour tests, where an object or food was
The effects of demonstrator social status and prior foraging success on social learning in laying hens
TLDR
Differences in demonstrator salience suggested either that there was an interaction between dominance and gender in demonstrators salience or that dominant hens might have been influential because of some factor imperfectly associated with their dominance status.
Dog-Human Relationship Affects Problem Solving Behavior in the Dog
ABSTRACTIn this paper we present evidence that simple problem solving in the dog is strongly influenced by the relationship with the owner. Twenty-eight dog-owner pairs were observed in a novel
A Simple Reason for a Big Difference Wolves Do Not Look Back at Humans, but Dogs Do
TLDR
It is suggested that by positive feedback processes (both evolutionary and ontogenetically) the readiness of dogs to look at the human face has lead to complex forms of dog-human communication that cannot be achieved in wolves even after extended socialization.
Verbal attention getting as a key factor in social learning between dog (Canis familiaris) and human.
TLDR
The results show that the main factor of a successful human demonstration is the continuous verbal communication with the dog during detouring, and provide evidence that in adult dogs, communicative context with humans is needed for effective interspecific social learning to take place.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) learn from their owners via observation in a manipulation task.
TLDR
Pet dogs (Canis familiaris) were involved in an experiment in which they had to solve a task to obtain a ball, and most dogs preferred to touch the handle sooner and more frequently in comparison with other parts of the box, and they used the handle to get the ball.
Acquisition of dominance status affects maze learning in mice
TLDR
Investment in learning will vary with individual life history strategy and the reproductive value of the learning outcome, and the results appeared to reflect a state-dependent change in learning associated with the aggressive social relationships formed during pairing.
...
1
2
3
4
...