How does distraction work in the management of pain?

@article{Johnson2005HowDD,
  title={How does distraction work in the management of pain?},
  author={Malcolm H. Johnson},
  journal={Current Pain and Headache Reports},
  year={2005},
  volume={9},
  pages={90-95}
}
Engaging in thoughts or activities that distract attention from pain is one of the most commonly used and highly endorsed strategies for controlling pain. The process of distraction appears to involve competition for attention between a highly salient sensation (pain) and consciously directed focus on some other information processing activity. In this article, the evidence for distraction from pain is examined and the qualities of pain, the distractor, and some individual difference variables… 
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AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF MINDFUL ATTENTION AND TRAIT MINDFULNESS ON ADOLESCENT PAIN
Objective: Attention-based coping strategies that direct attention away from pain have a strong evidence base among adolescents. However, it has been suggested that among youth high in pain
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