How does a three-dimensional continuum muscle model affect the kinematics and muscle strains of a finite element neck model compared to a discrete muscle model in rear-end, frontal, and lateral impacts.

@article{Hedenstierna2008HowDA,
  title={How does a three-dimensional continuum muscle model affect the kinematics and muscle strains of a finite element neck model compared to a discrete muscle model in rear-end, frontal, and lateral impacts.},
  author={Sofia Hedenstierna and Peter Halldin},
  journal={Spine},
  year={2008},
  volume={33 8},
  pages={E236-45}
}
STUDY DESIGN A finite element (FE) model of the human neck with incorporated continuum or discrete muscles was used to simulate experimental impacts in rear, frontal, and lateral directions. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine how a continuum muscle model influences the impact behavior of a FE human neck model compared with a discrete muscle model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Most FE neck models used for impact analysis today include a spring element musculature and are limited… CONTINUE READING

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