How do people learn from negative evidence? Non-monotonic generalizations and sampling assumptions in inductive reasoning.


A robust finding in category-based induction tasks is for positive observations to raise the willingness to generalize to other categories while negative observations lower the willingness to generalize. This pattern is referred to as monotonic generalization. Across three experiments we find systematic non-monotonicity effects, in which negative… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2015.07.001

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