How do deer affect tree seedlings on a dwarf bamboo-dominated forest floor?

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in Mt. Ôdaigahara, west-central Japan, to reveal the effects of two herbivores, Sika deer (Cervus nippon) and mice (Apodemus spp.), on the seedlings of five cohorts of three tree species, Abies homolepis, Fraxinus lanuginosa f. serrata and Fagus crenata. The forest floor of the study site was covered with dwarf bamboo, Sasa… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s11284-004-0023-8

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Cite this paper

@article{Ito2004HowDD, title={How do deer affect tree seedlings on a dwarf bamboo-dominated forest floor?}, author={Hiroki Ito and Teruaki Hino}, journal={Ecological Research}, year={2004}, volume={20}, pages={121-128} }