How democracy functions without parties

@article{Veenendaal2016HowDF,
  title={How democracy functions without parties},
  author={Wouter Veenendaal},
  journal={Party Politics},
  year={2016},
  volume={22},
  pages={27 - 36}
}
Whereas the belief that political parties are necessary elements of democracy is widespread in political science, it is in fact empirically false. Six small Pacific island democracies function without parties, and several explanations for the absence of parties in these countries have been developed. In the present article, an interview-based qualitative analysis of one of these six democracies without parties – the Republic of Palau – is offered in order to examine why parties are absent here… 

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