How crucial is the response format for the testing effect?

@article{Jnsson2014HowCI,
  title={How crucial is the response format for the testing effect?},
  author={Fredrik U. J{\"o}nsson and Veit Kubik and Max Larsson Sundqvist and Ivo Todorov and Bert Jonsson},
  journal={Psychological research},
  year={2014},
  volume={78 5},
  pages={623-33}
}
Combining study and test trials during learning is more beneficial for long-term retention than repeated study without testing (i.e., the testing effect). Less is known about the relative efficacy of different response formats during testing. We tested the hypothesis that overt testing (typing responses on a keyboard) during a practice phase benefits later memory more than covert testing (only pressing a button to indicate successful retrieval). In Experiment 1, three groups learned 40 word… CONTINUE READING