How common are polycystic ovaries in normal women and what is their significance for the fertility of the population?

  title={How common are polycystic ovaries in normal women and what is their significance for the fertility of the population?},
  author={Richard N Clayton and Verland T. Ogden and Jonathan D. Hodgkinson and L Worswick and D A Rodin and Sandra Dyer and T. W. Meade},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
OBJECTIVE We wished to determine the prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) and relate morphological appearance to fertility. 

Incidence of polycystic ovaries and polycystic ovary syndrome amongst women in Melbourne, Australia

The incidence of polycystic ovaries in the Australian population is unknown and further research is needed to establish a cause-and-effect relationship.

Polycystic ovary syndrome: it is always bilateral?

To evaluate whether patients with unilateral polycystic ovary showed different ovarian and uterine blood flow from those with bilateral polycystic ovaries, and to investigate whether there was a

Polycystic ovaries and associated clinical and biochemical features in young women

To determine the prevalence of polycystic ovaries as identified by ultrasound in a group of young, postmenarcheal women in the normal population, and to investigate how polycystic ovaries are related

Polycystic ovaries in pre and post‐menopausal women

Whether polycystic ovaries exist in post‐menopausal women is determined by investigating the presence or absence of ovaries in women diagnosed with the condition using ultrasound.

Ovaries in sexual precocity

The ovarian volume and prevalence of polycystic ovarian appearance at ultrasound in girls with sexual precocity is examined retrospectively.

Prediction of polycystic ovarian syndrome based on ultrasound findings and clinical parameters

To determine the accuracy of sonographic‐diagnosed polycystic ovaries and clinical parameters in predictingpolycystic ovarian syndrome, a large number of patients diagnosed with the disease have had their ovaries or ovaries removed.

Polycystic ovary syndrome and associated metabolic features in indigenous women in the Northern Territory.

Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Paediatric and Reproductive Health, 2011

Polycystic ovary syndrome and its relevance to women from south Asia.

The syndrome has vast epidemiological, socio-economic and health care delivery implications for south Asia and needs to be considered as a global public health emergency.

Polycystic ovaries and associated metabolic abnormalities in Indian subcontinent Asian women

To determine the prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) in Asian women living in England who are of Indian subcontinent origin or ancestry and to investigate the relationship between the presence of

Polycystic ovary syndrome [PCOS]: Comprehensive management in primary care

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common premenopausal endocrino-metabolic disorder. In addition to hyperandrogenism, menstrual abnormalities, ovulatory disturbances and infertility, insulin resistance,




The article reports clinical and endocrine features in 300 women with PCOS, and discuses its etiology and the mechanism of anovulation.

Pathogenesis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome.

  • T. Mckenna
  • Medicine, Biology
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 1988
A large number of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are diagnosed with atypical ovary prolapse preoperatively, and the prognosis is generally considered to be good.

Which hormone tests for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome?

The frequency of abnormal values for hormone measurements commonly used in the biochemical diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are assessed.

Which is the Best Test to Detect the Polycystic Ovary?

  • J. Eden
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology
  • 1988
Overall, a biochemical ‘screen’ consisting of a luteinizing hormone (LH) level > 10 U/1, testosterone (T) >2.6nmol?/l, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) <31nmol/l or a FAI >4.5 was 89% sensitive and 98% specific for PCO, which is comparable with the reliability of ultrasound for detecting the PCO.

The diagnosis of polycystic ovaries in subfertile women

A group of subfertile women with PCO and regular cycles was found who had no other identifiable cause for their infertility and had higher follicular phase concentrations of LH and higher FAI than ovulatory women with normal ovaries.


This paper reports an analysis of the clinical, endocrine and ultrasound data within a population of 556 patients with ultrasound‐diagnosed polycystic ovaries to illustrate the limitations in the use of specific clinical or endocrine criteria as requirements for the diagnosis of the poly Cystic ovary syndrome.

The diagnosis of polycystic ovaries in women with oligo‐amenorrhoea: predictive power of endocrine tests

Assessment of oestrogen state is a useful method for categorizing patients with functional oligo‐amenorrhoea using ultrasonography as a reference test given the limited availability of the assay for SHBG.

Accuracy of ultrasound measurements of female pelvic organs

Summary. Uterine size, endometrial thickness and ovarian volume were measured ultrasonically and the results compared with caliper measurements made shortly afterwards at the time of total

Hormonal studies on women with polycystic ovaries diagnosed by ultrasound.

There is a relationship between the degree of hormonal abnormality and the menstrual irregularities and hirsutism in women with PCOS suggesting that there may be a progressive nature to the syndrome.

Prevalence of polycystic ovaries in women with anovulation and idiopathic hirsutism.

It is shown that polycystic ovaries, as defined by pelvic ultrasound, are very common in anovulatory women and are not necessarily associated with hirsutism or a raised serum luteinising hormone concentration.