How common are polycystic ovaries in normal women and what is their significance for the fertility of the population?

@article{Clayton1992HowCA,
  title={How common are polycystic ovaries in normal women and what is their significance for the fertility of the population?},
  author={Richard N. Clayton and Verland T. Ogden and Jonathan D. Hodgkinson and L Worswick and D. A. Rodin and Sandra Dyer and T. W. Meade},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
  year={1992},
  volume={37}
}
OBJECTIVE We wished to determine the prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) and relate morphological appearance to fertility. 

Paper Mentions

Observational Clinical Trial
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ConditionsNormal Volunteers, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
InterventionDrug
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References

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The article reports clinical and endocrine features in 300 women with PCOS, and discuses its etiology and the mechanism of anovulation. Expand
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A large number of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are diagnosed with atypical ovary prolapse preoperatively, and the prognosis is generally considered to be good. Expand
Which hormone tests for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome?
TLDR
The frequency of abnormal values for hormone measurements commonly used in the biochemical diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are assessed. Expand
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Overall, a biochemical ‘screen’ consisting of a luteinizing hormone (LH) level > 10 U/1, testosterone (T) >2.6nmol?/l, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) <31nmol/l or a FAI >4.5 was 89% sensitive and 98% specific for PCO, which is comparable with the reliability of ultrasound for detecting the PCO. Expand
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TLDR
A group of subfertile women with PCO and regular cycles was found who had no other identifiable cause for their infertility and had higher follicular phase concentrations of LH and higher FAI than ovulatory women with normal ovaries. Expand
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This paper reports an analysis of the clinical, endocrine and ultrasound data within a population of 556 patients with ultrasound‐diagnosed polycystic ovaries to illustrate the limitations in the use of specific clinical or endocrine criteria as requirements for the diagnosis of the poly Cystic ovary syndrome. Expand
The diagnosis of polycystic ovaries in women with oligo‐amenorrhoea: predictive power of endocrine tests
TLDR
Assessment of oestrogen state is a useful method for categorizing patients with functional oligo‐amenorrhoea using ultrasonography as a reference test given the limited availability of the assay for SHBG. Expand
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TLDR
The results show that by contrast with the groups having hyperprolactinemia or hypothalamic disorder the group with hirsutism (and therefore presumed PCOD) was closely resembled by a non-hirsute group in terms of estrogenization, LH level, LH/FSH ratio, prolactin level, body mass and responsiveness to clomiphene. Expand
Accuracy of ultrasound measurements of female pelvic organs
Summary. Uterine size, endometrial thickness and ovarian volume were measured ultrasonically and the results compared with caliper measurements made shortly afterwards at the time of totalExpand
Hormonal studies on women with polycystic ovaries diagnosed by ultrasound.
TLDR
There is a relationship between the degree of hormonal abnormality and the menstrual irregularities and hirsutism in women with PCOS suggesting that there may be a progressive nature to the syndrome. Expand
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