How can European states respond to Russian information warfare? An analytical framework

@article{Hellman2017HowCE,
  title={How can European states respond to Russian information warfare? An analytical framework},
  author={Maria Hellman and Charlotte Wagnsson},
  journal={European Security},
  year={2017},
  volume={26},
  pages={153 - 170}
}
ABSTRACT How can European democratic states respond to Russian information warfare? This article aims to enable and spur systematic research of how democracies can respond to the spread of distorted information as part of information warfare. The article proposes four ideal-type models representing different strategies that democratic governments can employ; blocking, confronting, naturalising and ignoring. Each strategy is illustrated by ways of empirical examples of strategies applied by… Expand
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